skinfold thickness


Also found in: Acronyms.

skinfold thickness

Etymology: AS, scinn + fealden + thicce
a measure of the amount of subcutaneous fat, obtained by inserting a fold of skin into the jaws of a caliper. The skinfolds are usually measured on the upper arm, thigh, or upper abdomen, and the caliper measurements are later compared with precalibrated standard tables to assess an individual's body fat content indirectly.

skinfold thickness

An anthropometric measurement used to evaluate nutritional status by estimating the amount of subcutaneous fat. Calibrated calipers are used to measure the thickness of a fold of skin at defined body sites that include upper arm or triceps, subscapular region, and upper abdomen.

skinfold thickness

measurement of subcutaneous skinfold thickness as a technique for the determination of body fat. A fold of skin and subcutaneous fat is grasped between the thumb and forefinger and pulled away from the underlying muscle. The thickness of this double layer is then read, using a caliper. The five sites most frequently measured are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen and the thigh. The values are used in an equation that estimates body fat. See also anthropometry, body composition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, we examined the influence of adjusting for neonatal skinfold thickness on associations between air pollutants and birth weight.
8) Skinfold thickness was measured to the nearest millimeter using the Lange caliper (Cambridge Industries, Maryland) at the following sites: triceps, biceps, sub-scapular and supra-iliac.
Among the anthropometric variables, body mass, skinfold thickness at axillar, subscapular, abdominal, and suprailiacal sites, the sum of nine skinfolds, and percentage body fat were related to race performance.
Two-way ANOVA were used to determine main effects and interactions of age group and sex on physical activity, skinfold thickness, and skin temperature.
Skinfold thickness was evaluated using a Harpendon skinfold caliper (Creative Health Products, Ann Arbor, Michigan) at three standard sites (men: chest, triceps, and subscapular, women: triceps, suprailiac, and thigh) according to guidelines prescribed by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM; 2006).
Measures of body fat distribution include hip and waist circumference, and skinfold thickness at the abdomen, triceps, suprailiac crest, and thigh.
Skinfold thickness and circumference measurements showed excellent test-retest reliability, with the ICC estimates exceeding 0.
Assessment of skinfold thickness and circumferences is cost effective, but requires proper training for reliable measurements.
Subscapular skinfold thickness was measured at the natural fold ~2-3 mm below the shoulder blade at an oblique angle.
2], reduced muscle mass, and decreased skinfold thickness.
Relation of circumferences and skinfold thickness to lipid and insulin concentrations in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study.
Measurements of skinfold thickness at the triceps and subscapular sites were performed using skinfold calipers (Beta Technology Inc.