skin prep

skin prep

a procedure for cleansing the skin with an antiseptic before surgery or venipuncture. Skin preps are performed to kill bacteria and pathological organisms and to reduce the risk of infection. Various skin prep devices are available for this procedure. Such devices are commonly constructed of plastic, filled with a specific antiseptic, and equipped with an applicator. The antiseptic is applied by rubbing the device in a circular motion over the skin. Some of the most common antiseptics contained in skin prep devices are iodine, povidone-iodine, and ethyl alcohol. Each antiseptic has associated advantages and disadvantages. The iodine skin prep kills bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, and yeasts and is an inexpensive and reliable device. The disadvantages of iodine, in addition to its discoloring of the skin, are that it may burn or chap and may cause an allergic reaction. Povidone-iodine, which consists of water-soluble complexes of iodine and organic compounds, is less irritating than iodine tinctures or solutions and does not stain the skin as much as iodine. However, povidone-iodine is less effective than regular iodine solutions, may be absorbed through the skin during prolonged use, and may cause an allergic reaction. Ethyl alcohol, which is not effective against spore-forming organisms, viruses, and tubercle bacilli, is effective as a fat solvent and a germicidal when used in concentrations of 70% to 80% and may be used as a substitute skin prep antiseptic when the patient is allergic to iodine. Some disadvantages of ethyl alcohol are that it evaporates quickly, is highly flammable, and dries the skin excessively. Most skin prep devices are prepackaged and are disposable items for one-time use. To prep the skin with such a device before a venipuncture, the device is moved in a circular motion with the applicator rubbing the skin at the intended venipuncture site. The venipuncture site is swabbed with the antiseptic for about 1 minute. The antiseptic is spread over an area about 2 inches (5.08 cm) in diameter with the venipuncture site at the center.

skin prep

1. An antimicrobial skin cleanser.
2. Cleaning and draping of the skin before surgical incision or instrumentation. Commonly used preps include gels, solutions, impregnated pads, or sponges.
References in periodicals archive ?
You'll need some skin prep, starting with a non-oil exfoliating scrub.
We continue to extend our skin prep leadership through our commitment to innovation and new product development to better meet our customers' needs.
The colour palette is sophisticated and there are some innovative items in there that I love, my hero pieces being the Botanical Skin Prep (PS21), the Mattifying Balm, (PS20) and the Golden Skin Glow, (PS21).
The company develops market-leading technologies including Alaris infusion pumps, Pyxis automated dispensing and patient identification systems, AirLife™, AVEA and LTV series of ventilators and respiratory products, ChloraPrep skin prep products, MedMined™ services for data mining surveillance, V.
True (A) or false (B)--click on the correct answer: Povidone iodine is the most widely used pre-operative skin prep in the USA.
Granulex or skin prep to bilateral heels qd with soap-and-water wash between applications.
The Premier healthcare alliance today announced new agreements for chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) skin prep products have been awarded to CareFusion 213, LLC.
ChloraPrep skin prep products have been proven to be more effective than povidone-iodine at eliminating microorganisms on the skin that may cause infection.
The colour palette is sophisticated and there are some innovative items that I love, my hero pieces being the Botanical Skin Prep (PS21), the Mattifying Balm (PS20), and the Golden Skin Glow (PS21).