skin fold


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skin fold

, skinfold
A doubling of skin and its underlying adherent subcutaneous tissue. To assess a person's body fat, a skin fold is pinched at a standard site, and the thickness of the doubled skin is measured, using skin fold calipers; a body fat estimate is then calculated using a table or a computer program. There are 6-12 standard locations for measuring skin fold thickness, including over the triceps muscle along the back of the arm and just above the iliac crest of the hip.
See also: fold
References in periodicals archive ?
13) also reported that waist and hip circumference measurements were better anthropometric predictors of change in body fat mass over a 10-year period than changes in skin fold thickness.
The Committee, however, found that by failing to use callipers on the first day, as required by AH, Mr Lewis had failed to measure the skin folds of almost all of the 104 cattle.
Skin fold thicknesses of chest, midaxillary (vertical), triceps, subscapular, abdominal (vertical), suprailiac (at anterior axillary), thigh and calf were measured with a skin fold calliper (GPM-Hautfaltenmessgerat, Siber & Hegner, Zurich, Switzerland) to the nearest 0.
Nuchal skin fold thickening was defined as at least 5 mm between 16 and 18 weeks' gestation and at least 6 mm between 18 and 21 weeks' gestation.
Topical treatment of the disease is typically managed by corticosteroids, which are generally not indicated for long-term use, or other vitamin D products, which have been shown to be irritating when applied to sensitive skin fold areas.
The randomized, double-blind, pivotal Phase III trials will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Isolagen(TM) Therapy (IT) against placebo for the treatment of nasolabial skin fold wrinkles.
Any change in skin texture also can indicate an underlying medical problem, for example, a common condition known as acanthosis nigricans is observed in overweight patients that appear as darkened, velvety skin occurring in skin folds and most commonly on the back of the neck.
Breeds with short noses, such as Pekingese, Maltese and Shih-Tzu, are also prone to the condition because of shallow eye sockets or problems from hair growing in thick skin folds.
Results showed Gethin's aerobic fitness increased by 13%, the sum of skin folds decreased by 4.
Their need is determined based on the patient's initial weight, and parts of the body where the patient has skin folds after weight loss.
In more severe cases, the skin can thicken resulting in a puffy appearance and thickened skin folds above the eyes.