sirenomelia


Also found in: Wikipedia.

symmelia

 [sim-e´le-ah]
a developmental anomaly characterized by apparent fusion of the lower limbs. There may be three feet (tripodial symmelia), two feet (dipodial symmelia), one foot (monopodial symmelia), or no feet (apodal symmelia or sirenomelia).

si·re·no·me·li·a

(sī'rĕ-nō-mē'lē-ă),
Union of the legs with partial or complete union of the feet.
See also: sympus.
[L. siren, G. seirēn, a siren]

sirenomelia

/si·reno·me·lia/ (si″ren-o-me´le-ah) apodal symmelia.

sirenomelia

[sī′rənəmē′lē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, seiren, mermaid, melos, limb
a congenital anomaly in which there is complete fusion of the lower extremities and no feet. Also called apodial symmelia. Compare dipodial symmelia, monopodial symmelia, tripodial symmelia. See also sirenomelus.
enlarge picture
Stillborn fetus with sirenomelia
A heterogeneous dysplastic complex that may be inherited—caudal regression syndrome—or teratogenic, characterised by fusion—symmelia—of legs with external leg rotation, musculoskeletal atrophy and clubfoot, and other anomalies—e.g., imperforate anus, uni- or bilateral agenesis of kidneys and/or genitalia, focal agenesis of lumbosacral spine, various viscera

si·re·no·me·li·a

(sī'rĕ-nō-mē'lē-ă )
Union of the legs with partial or complete fusion of the feet.
[L. siren, G. seirēn, a siren]
References in periodicals archive ?
A woman in West Bengal, India, gave birth to a child stricken with a rare congenital deformity known as sirenomelia, or "Mermaid Syndrome.
Muskura Bibi, 23, astonished doctors after giving birth to the baby withMermaid Syndrome or Sirenomelia, a rare condition which causes deformity.
Some children who have survived sirenomelia have to undergo surgery to separate their legs.
La Sirenomelia es una patologia congenita letal rara, producida por una alteracion en el desarrollo vascular embrionario (cuarta semana del desarrollo embrionario), con fusion completa o parcial, malrotacion y disgenesia de miembros inferiores; se presenta de forma aislada o asociada a trastornos renales (agenesia renal, displasia renal quistica), cardiovasculares, gastrointestinales (ano imperforado, atresia esofagica), respiratorios (hipoplasia pulmonar, enfermedad adenomatoidea quistica), neurologicos (mielomeningocele, malformacion de Arnold-Chiari, hidrocefalia) o genitales, formando parte del sindrome de regresion caudal, posiblemente debido a una alteracion vascular de una rama de la aorta abdominal (1).
The incidence of Sirenomelia is thought to occur 1 in 65,000 live births (Oxford Medical Database, Dysmorphology).
1,2] Sirenomelia sequence, also known as Sirenomelia, Mermaid Syndrome, Caudal regression, Caudal agenesis and Sacral agenesis.
En sus trabajos de ceramica muestran enfermedades geneticas como el sindrome de Down, acondroplasia, sirenomelia y otras malformaciones congenitas (3-5).
Sirenomelia (the Mermaid Syndrome) is a rare and lethal congenital anomaly with an incidence of one in 100,000 of normal pregnancies.
Cebocephaly, alobar holoprosencephaly, spina bifida, and sirenomelia in a still birth.
We report a case of sirenomelia who had a single umblical artery, renal agenesis, pulmoner hypoplasia, esophageal atresia, ventricular septal defect, anal atresia, intestinal atresia and who was lost at fifth hour of life.
KEY WORDS: Sirenomelia sequence, Congenital abnormalities.
Between December 2004 and May 2005, four cases of sirenomelia, and four cases of sirenomelia, and four cases of cyclopia were reported in the Hospital Universitario del Valle in Cali.