simian malaria

sim·i·an ma·lar·i·a

plasmodial infection of monkeys and apes, as with human malaria, transmitted chiefly by anopheline mosquitoes; several Plasmodium species are responsible, with Southeast Asia and Africa being the apparent centers of evolution; among the 20 plasmodial agents described from nonhuman primates, some resemble and induce a malarial infection similar to those caused by the four species of Plasmodium from humans, from which the agents of human malaria appear to be derived.
Synonym(s): monkey malaria
References in periodicals archive ?
Bionomics of Anopheles latens in Kapit, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo in relation to the transmission of zoonotic simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi.
24) which was reported as vector of simian malaria from foot hills of Nilgiris.
Although more than 20 species of Plasmodium can infect nonhuman primates, until recently, naturally acquired human infections of simian malaria were viewed as rare events lacking public health significance.
Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalence of this simian malaria in malaria-endemic regions of Thailand.
No studies in humans (3) and monkeys in Cambodia have identified the simian malaria parasite, P.
The simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is increasingly recognized as a frequent cause of potentially fatal human malaria in adults in Malaysian Borneo (1-4).
knowlesi, a simian malaria species, became the fifth human-infecting species (70), highlighting the possibility of transmission of new Plasmodium spp.
Cross-reactivity in rapid diagnostic tests between human malaria and zoonotic simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi infections.
Extensive investigation at this time failed to demonstrate zoonotic transmission of simian malaria to humans.
However, simian malaria parasites can infect humans (1); for example, P.
Five human cases of infection with the simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi from Palawan, the Philippines, were confirmed by nested PCR.
The occurrence of simian malaria in human has signified the roles of wild primate populations in disease transmission in some malaria-endemic areas.
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