silicone arthroplasty

silicone arthroplasty

Orthopedic surgery The implantation of prosthetic joints constructed of silicone to replace joints damaged by arthritis, avascular necrosis, trauma; silicone is also used as spacers in certain procedures–eg, Keller's bunionectomy Local complications Breakage/breakdown, dendritic synovitis or osteolysis, infection, loosening of joints from anchoring bone, multinucleated giant cell reaction, erosion through soft tissues and skin Systemic complications Acute pneumonitis, delirium, fever, granulomatous hepatitis, ITP, lymphadenopathy, malaise, progressive systemic sclerosis, renal and respiratory failure, scleroderma, SLE. See Silicone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term complications of trapeziometacarpal silicone arthroplasty.
A 39-degree improvement in range of motion, from a mean of 9 degrees preoperatively to mean of 48 degrees postoperatively, "provided a substantial functional gain" after silicone arthroplasty, without any evidence of implant failure, said Dr.
Thomas' study reviewed 266 joints reconstructed in 80 patients, 221 by IP arthrodesis and 45 by MCP silicone arthroplasty, a new procedure.
A comparison chart of the various implants demonstrates comparable range of motion in all implants except the Swanson silicone arthroplasty and the Volz implant.
Jolly SL, et al: Swanson silicone arthroplasty of the wrist in rheumatoid arthritis: a long-term follow-up.