shoulder

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shoulder

 [shōl´der]
the area around the glenohumeral joint, the large ball-and-socket joint where the humerus joins the scapula. The smooth, rounded head of the humerus rests against the socket in the scapula. The joint is covered by a tough, flexible protective capsule and is heavily reinforced by ligaments that stretch across the joint. The ends of the bones where they meet at the joint are covered with a layer of cartilage that reduces friction and absorbs shock. A thin membrane, the synovial membrane, lines the socket and lubricates the joint with synovia. Further cushioning and lubrication are provided by fluid-filled sacs called bursae. Disorders of the shoulder include bursitis and dislocation.
Coronal section through the shoulder joint.
frozen shoulder popular but misleading name for adhesive capsulitis.

shoul·der

(shōl'dĕr),
1. The lateral portion of the scapular region, where the scapula joins with the clavicle and humerus and is covered by the rounded mass of the deltoid muscle.
2. In dentistry, the ledge formed by the junction of the gingival and axial walls in extracoronal restorative preparations.
[A.S. sculder]

shoulder

/shoul·der/ (shōl´der) the area where the arm joins the trunk and the clavicle meets the scapula.
frozen shoulder  adhesive capsulitis.

shoulder

(shōl′dər)
n.
1.
a. The joint connecting the arm with the torso.
b. The part of the human body between the neck and upper arm.
2.
a. The joint of a vertebrate animal that connects the forelimb to the trunk.
b. The part of an animal near this joint.
3. often shoulders The area of the back from one shoulder to the other.
v. shoul·dered, shoul·dering, shoul·ders

shoulder

Etymology: AS, sculder
the junction of the clavicle, scapula, and humerus where the arm attaches to the trunk of the body.

shoulder

A descriptive term for the gently sloped acceleration rhythm seen on a paper printout of the foetal heart monitor that either precedes or follows a typical deceleration, in contrast to the usual “acceleration” (a short increase in foetal heart rate above baseline) that occurs in response to foetal movement.

'shoulder'

Obstetrics A descriptor for the gently-sloped acceleration rhythm seen on a paper printout of the fetal heart monitor that either precedes or follows a typical deceleration, in contrast to the usual 'acceleration'–a short-term ↑ in heart rate above baseline occurring in response to fetal movement. See Deceleration, Fetal heart monitor.

shoul·der

(shōl'dĕr)
1. The lateral portion of the scapular region, where the scapula joins with the clavicle and humerus and is covered by the rounded mass of the deltoid muscle.
2. Shoulder joint.
3. dentistry The ledge formed by the junction of the gingival and axial walls in extracoronal restorative preparations.
[A.S. sculder]

shoulder

(shol'der)
Enlarge picture
SHOULDER
A part of the shoulder girdle complex, comprising the region of the proximal humerus, clavicle, and scapula. See: scapula; illustration

frozen shoulder

Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder.

shoul·der

(shōl'dĕr)
1. In dentistry, any step formed by junction of gingival and axial walls in extracoronal restorative preparations.
2. Lateral portion of scapular region, where scapula joins with clavicle and humerus and is covered by rounded mass of the deltoid muscle.
[A.S. sculder]

shoulder,

n 1. the junction of the clavicle, scapula, and humerus where the arm attaches to the trunk of the body.
2. in extracoronal cavity preparation of the ledge formed by the meeting of the gingival and axial walls at a right angle.
shoulder, linguogingival,
n the portion of a prepared cavity in the proximal surface of an anterior tooth that is formed by the angular junction of the gingival and lingual walls. Developed to facilitate the dense compaction of gold in this area.

shoulder

the region around the large joint between the humerus and the scapula. The shoulder is a shallow ball-and-socket joint, similar to the hip joint.

shoulder blade
scapula.
shoulder flexion
a fetal postural cause of dystokia; flexion of the shoulder joint results in the affected forelimb, it may be bilateral, is lying back beside the sternum; the shoulder joint prevents entry of the fetus into the pelvic canal.
shoulder joint
scapulohumeral joint.
shoulder luxation
uncommon in most species. Occurs most frequently in dogs and cats associated with trauma.
slipped shoulder
see suprascapular paralysis.
shoulder tick
see ixodesscapularis.

Patient discussion about shoulder

Q. how can i solve my back and shoulder problems? also how can i get raid of my eye bugs?

A. krando,
many thanks i will try those tips you just give me...wish you a wonderful and safe and sound newly year...

Q. shoulder and neck strain and pain I have a terrible shoulder and neck pain and i keep cracking my neck muscles to release pressure. I get temporary relief with tylenol but after few hrs the pain and strain starts again.Any ideas?

A. A mellow exercise and streching on a regular basis is the best way to release a sore back and muscles in general, including your neck. You should try that plus applying local warm temperature (for example a warm pillow)around your neck. If that doesn't work then other anti-inflammatory drugs that you either apply as a cream or take as a pill can help you.

Q. How do I gain range of motion after shoulder surgery I'm 31 years old and had a shoulder replacment last year. I still don't know why my joint gave out and 4 Orthopedic Surgeons couldn't tell me either. I have limited Range of Motion and the Dr. seems to think that because of my "age" I was less likley to get full range back. I refuse to believe that, does anyone have any suggestions on how to gain ROM back?

A. i guess you go to physiotherapy no?
that is their job. to give you range of motion after injuries, surgeries ect. they'll give you exercises specially for your condition. when i had an accident i broke my leg hip and i needed 2 months of physiotherapy that helped very much.

More discussions about shoulder
References in periodicals archive ?
Once again, the group is shoulder to shoulder in a circle, facing the center.
All of the main artists have starred as Valjean and Javert in the West End's longest running musical Les Miserables and will be standing shoulder to shoulder to support Welsh Hearts' Every Second Counts appeal for the provision of defibrillators and heart screening in Wales.
I began to volunteer with Shoulder to Shoulder in early 2012.
I believe US soldiers, who stand shoulder to shoulder with British soldiers in combat, would be appalled to see that they do not stand shoulder to shoulder in death.
It is of great significance, with all the maelstroms swirling around us, that the ambassador stands shoulder to shoulder with us in the interest of advancing the family as the basis of civilization," Lapin said.
But as we are standing shoulder to shoulder with Americans, they must now understand the fear and destruction terrorism can cause.
About 30 British and American peace protesters stood shoulder to shoulder outside the United States Air Force base to oppose any military reprisals following the terror attacks on the US.
The 19-year-old twins now stand shoulder to shoulder with such epigones of embarrassment as Roger Clinton, whose coke-addled vocal stylings finally found an audience in the rock 'n' roll clubs of North Korea; Uncle Neil Bush, who has effectively gone missing since his role in the Silverado Savings & Loan scandal cast a pall over Poppy Bush's years in power; Patti Davis Reagan, who not only laid bare her disagreements with her father at numerous anti-nuke rallies but eventually laid bare for Playboy; and Billy Carter, whose predilection for public urination was matched only by his willingness to exploit his First Brother status to sell self-branded beer to his countrymen and arms to rogue nations.
And at a recent meeting of the College Board in New York, admissions officers packed shoulder to shoulder into a discussion group about how to make sure high school students get more sleep.
We are proud to call them our friends and when a cure is found, they will stand shoulder to shoulder with us as we cross our finish line.
Marriyum Nawaz and Hamza Sharif will work shoulder to shoulder with Pervaiz Malik during the campaign of by-election,' the spokesperson added.
Addressing the protestors, Pundit Raj Pal said that Pakistan was their beloved homeland and they stood shoulder to shoulder with Pakistan Army to defend every nook and cranny of the country.