References in periodicals archive ?
The functional evaluation components chosen for this study included pain, scapular derangement at rest, strength of shoulder shrug, and active range of motion in shoulder flexion and abduction.
The addition of a shoulder flexion component to the isometric test of elbow flexion/supination with the arm by the side also selectively loads LHB rather than the short head, as the short head has little shoulder flexion function (Itoi et al 1994).
Subjects performed tests to assess trunk flexion (TF), trunk extension (TE), shoulder flexion (SF), and right and left ankle flexibility (RANKLE and LANKLE).
For example, shoulder flexion angles at the end of the backswing were 154 deg ([+ or -] 2) for T1 and 143 deg ([+ or -] 3) and 148 deg ([+ or -] 5) for T2 and T3 respectively.
He was unable to lie on his shoulder and had pain in the acromioclavicular joint with shoulder adduction and at the end ranges of shoulder flexion and abduction.
We required passive ROM to be at least 90[degrees] of shoulder flexion, abduction, and neutral internal and external rotation for participation in the study.
Six groups of variables were used for statistical analysis: 1) performance (ball release speed, body height and weight), 2) maximal rotation angular velocity (trunk internal rotation, shoulder internal rotation and forearm pronation), 3) maximal flexion/extension angular velocity (trunk flexion, shoulder flexion, elbow extension and wrist flexion), 4) angular velocity at ball release (trunk flexion and shoulder internal rotation), 5) timing of the maximal rotation (trunk internal rotation, shoulder internal rotation and forearm pronation) and 6) timing of the maximal flexion/extension angular velocity variables (trunk flexion, shoulder flexion, elbow extension and wrist flexion).
RMS amplitude was higher and lower for DPC at phase 1 and 3, respectively, when compared to RMS values for IDC and DBC, suggesting that shoulder flexion angle affects biceps brachii activation.