short-term memory


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Related to short-term memory: long-term memory

memory

 [mem´o-re]
the mental faculty that enables one to retain and recall previously experienced sensations, impressions, information, and ideas. The ability of the brain to retain and to use knowledge gained from past experience is essential to the process of learning. Although the exact way in which the brain remembers is not completely understood, it is believed that a portion of the temporal lobe of the brain, lying in part under the temples, acts as a kind of memory center, drawing on memories stored in other parts of the brain.
impaired memory a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to remember bits of information or behavioral skills.
immunologic memory the capacity of the immune system to respond more rapidly and strongly to a subsequent antigenic challenge than to the first exposure. See also memory cells and immune response.
long-term memory the aspect of memory in which knowledge is stored permanently, to be activated when cued; it is theoretically unlimited in capacity.
recent memory the ability to recall events from the immediate past.
remote memory the ability to recall events from the distant past.
screen memory a consciously tolerable memory serving to conceal or “screen” another memory that might be disturbing or emotionally painful if recalled.
short-term memory what one is conscious of at a given moment; in contrast to long-term memory it is of limited capacity (about seven items) and will be lost unless rehearsed and related to information in long-term memory.

short-term mem·o·ry (STM),

that phase of the memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, sometimes within seconds, but may be held indefinitely by using rehearsal as a holding process by which to recycle material over and over through STM.
Synonym(s): temporary memory

short-term memory

memory of recent events, generally the first to be affected in Alzheimer's disease.

short-term memory

The capacity to recognise, recall and regurgitate small amounts of information (the 7 ±2 rule) shortly after its occurrence, which is divided into subsystems for verbal and visual information.

short-term mem·o·ry

(STM) (shōrt-tĕrm memŏr-ē)
That phase of the memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, typically within seconds, but may be held indefinitely by using rehearsal as a holding process by which to recycle material over and over through STM.

short-term memory

the recollection of some aspect of behaviour, which lasts only for seconds, or at the most minutes, after the occurrence of the behaviour.

short-term mem·o·ry

(STM) (shōrt-tĕrm memŏr-ē)
Phase of memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, sometimes within seconds.
References in periodicals archive ?
14] George Miller argued that human short-term memory has a forward memory span of approximately 7 items or more accurately within the information theoretic single digit or letter, while an item can indeed be a single digit or letter, it can also be a whole number, word or abstract concept.
Analysis indicates that the patient groups differed based on the performance in verbal and visual tasks of short-term memory tests.
Our hypothesis assumed a significant difference in the responses of normal subjects and dementia patients on three models of short-term memory (i-e temporal, absolute and relative).
For example, when information flows from short-term memory into long-term memory--when it leaves a long-lasting trace--it produces learning.
He explained that he had only used a tape recorder because his short-term memory is going.
However, the researchers noticed some differences when they tested the animals working memory--a type of short-term memory held only during a task and briefly afterward.
Scientists have been studying the effect of coffee on those areas of the brain that regulate short-term memory.
This disturbs those within the hospital's confines, raises the risk of medical errors, and can even slow the pace of healing and contribute to lapses in short-term memory.
The researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to determine the effects of caffeine consumption on brain activation in a network of modules subserving the short-term memory of 15 healthy adult volunteers during a working memory task.
Short-term memory difficulties may include problems remembering numbers, symbols, or words in correct order (Nolting, 1991) and erring when "carrying" numbers.
In both cases, the brain functions were substantially improved; specifically, immediate memory and concentration in the normal elderly and immediate memory and short-term memory of those who have organic brain disorders.
Boys and girls showed enhanced spatial memory and girls showed improved short-term memory after consuming oatmeal.

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