shoe fit

shoe fit

appropriateness of length (i.e. heel to ball, heel to toe), width (i.e. across metatarsal heads and throat), depth (i.e. of toe box and midfoot) and flare (i.e. in-flare or out-flare) of a shoe/boot in relation to the dimensions of the wearer's foot, together with any other item, e.g. in-shoe orthoses that the shoe must accommodate (see Table 1)
Table 1: Features of a well-fitting shoe
Shoe featureDescriptor
Retaining mediumThe means that retains the foot within the shoe: laces, buckle and bar, T-bar strap, Velcro straps
The foot should be well seated into the heel part of the shoe, with the plantar aspect inclined upwards at 45° to the ground surface before the retain medium is closed around the foot
Close-fitting medial and lateral quartersThe close fit of the shoe quarters around the tarsus of the foot complements the retaining mechanism, and reduces frictional forces around the heel
In a well-fitting shoe there will be no mediolateral or anterior-posterior drift, or slip of the foot against the heel counter of the foot during gait
Adequate toe boxThe forepart of the shoe should be wide and deep enough to allow normal toe function throughout gait, and should coincide with the natural outline of the forefoot
The tips of the toes should not be in contact with the toe end of the shoe, and the toe puff should not exert pressure on the dorsal nail plates
The toes will contact the inner of the toe box if the shoe is too large or too small for the foot
Correct lengthShoes that are too short or too long predispose to digital and nail lesions, toe deformity and reduced foot function
The MTPJs should coincide with the maximum width of the forepart of the shoe
Correct widthThe correct width of the shoe will allow the toes to lie straight and unrestricted and in their normal relationship during gait
The widest part of the shoe should coincide with the transverse width of the foot across the MTPJ parabola
Deep creases across the forefoot upper indicate a shoe that is too narrow for the foot
Adequate heel seatThe heel seat accommodates the heel of the foot
A too-narrow heel seat causes the formation of a ridge of callosity at the heel periphery
Appropriate heel heightThe vertical height of the heel of the shoe
The weight of the body is transferred to the forefoot, the lumbar spine is extended and the stride length is reduced if a shoe with a heel height of >5 cm is worn
The greater the height of the heel, the greater the instability of the foot and the greater the chance of trauma (inversion sprain, avulsion fracture)
Broad heel baseThe outsole of the heel should at least match the width of the rear part of the shoe in order to ensure maximum stability in the normal foot
The narrower the heel contact area, the greater the force transferred to the body during gait at heel strike, and the greater the chance of trauma (inversion sprain, avulsion fracture)
Leather upperLeather is supple and strong, and will stretch to some extent to accommodate toe deformity
Leather is permeable, and will absorb sweat
SolesSoles are ideally made of light-weight, insulating, cushioning, non-slip, hard-wearing materials
Thin soles neither insulate nor cushion the foot during gait
References in periodicals archive ?
It's not a case of if the shoe fits, it's more of making the shoe fit.
I don't think it's due to poor shoe fit, because I've tried several different pairs, plus I've never encountered this before in my prior years of running.
We tried several orthotists, but Christine was not able to tell where the shoe fit, or did not fit, except to limp or refuse to walk in them.
Other topics of the 15 papers include the bone-oral implant interface, the diabetic gastrointestinal tract, bone cell adhesion onto orthopedic implants, external pelvic fixation during lumbar muscle resistance exercise, and pressure sensors for running shoe fit measurement.
The East Coast/West Coast sisterly relationship spawned from a similarity of tastes and results in a crustacean-esque studded shoe fit for even the most crabby goddess.
Make the shoe fit your foot rather than your foot fit the shoe," says Kathleen Mitchell, faculty member at the Boston Ballet School and shoe manager for the company.
Even so, how her shoe fit wasn't Schandorff's first priority--how it looked was.
Sock thickness can also be used to fine tune shoe fit.
13,1998--FootJoy, the leader in comfort and performance golf products, today announced the opening of the first permanent retail FootJoy Laser Fitting System, the company's patented 3-D measurement system for improved shoe fit.
In this case, if you've got the money, you can make the shoe fit.
In an effort to teach parents how to properly fit their children's shoes, Payless ShoeSource and the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) is sponsoring National Kids Shoe Fit Month this February.
For a free brochure, ``Ten Points of Proper Shoe Fit,'' developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, send a self-addressed, business-size, stamped envelope to: Shoe Fit, AOFAS, 1201 Pine St.