shift work


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shift work

Work in a hospital, company, factory (e.g., automobile, petrochemical or textile factory), or other business that is open and operating 24/7 or hours outside of the usual “9 to 5” business hours.

Shift workers suffer increased risk of fatigue-related accidents, and an increased risk of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular disease, infertility, and insomnia; for example, on-the-job fatigue and drowsiness in shift workers was linked to the Challenger space shuttle explosion. SW may be related to an increased in TGs (1.26 mmol/L (112 mg/dL) vs 1.03 mmol/L (91 mg/dL) in normal controls); the cause of this increase is uncertain, but may be related to stress, disturbed circadian rhythm, or the result of night snacking with less efficient removal of TGs. 20% of workers adapt poorly to SW, as it requires abrupt changes in the circadian rhythm; diabetes and epilepsy are exacerbated by SW, and autonomic dysfunction is common.

shift work

A staffing arrangement in which some employees work during the day and others in the evening or at night. Shift work is a common method of scheduling used in many industries to maximize productivity over a 24-hr day and in health care, where patients' needs may arise at any time of the day or night. A great number of persons work regularly at night, either on a permanent or rotating schedule. In most of these workers, adaptation to the altered work schedule is imperfect; sleep disturbances and other medical and psychosocial problems have often been found in shift workers. Among other problems, many night-time or rotating shift workers often have family obligations during the day, which compromise their ability to obtain adequate rest before or after work.
See also: work
References in periodicals archive ?
3 percent for every five years of night shift work, said the study.
The shift work patter disrupts the normal sleep/wake cycle causing an internal desynchronization in the circadian rhythm and sleep.
Earnest and colleagues build on such findings with their new study, suggesting shift work may also increase stroke severity.
Chronic disruption of biological rhythms due to shift work has been associated with the development of serious gastrointestinal disease.
In order to address this problem and correct for the discrepancies introduced by the use of a multiplicative shift work factor, several possible solutions were investigated.
Shift work, workloads, what we deal with at work can all have an effect for sure.
TERM shift work has an ageing effect on the brain that leads to an impaired ability to think and remember, a study has found.
It is therefore important to avoid shift work where possible and improve shift work schedules to help shift workers achieve more normal sleeping and waking patterns.
Shift work impairs physiological rhythms, causes psychological and physical stress and could be linked to cardiovascular morbidity.
The American Nurses Foundation (ANF) has received a grant to educate registered nurses (RNs) and patients on the health effects of sleeping disorders caused or exacerbated by shift work, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, and depression, conditions which often occur together.
We tell you how to strike the right balance between health and shift work