sexual disorders


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Related to sexual disorders: personality disorder, paraphilia, Eating disorders

sexual

 [seks´shoo-al]
1. pertaining to, characterized by, involving, or endowed with sex, sexuality, the sexes, or the sex organs and their functions.
2. characterized by the property of maleness or femaleness.
3. pertaining to reproduction involving both male and female gametes.
4. implying or symbolizing erotic desires or activity.
sexual arousal disorders sexual dysfunction characterized by alterations in sexual arousal; see female sexual arousal disorder and male erectile disorder.
sexual aversion disorder feelings of repugnance for and active avoidance of genital contact with a partner, causing substantial distress or interpersonal difficulty.
sexual desire disorders sexual dysfunctions characterized by alteration in sexual desire; see hypoactive sexual desire disorder and sexual aversion disorder.
sexual development the biologic and psychosocial changes that lead to sexual maturity. (Biologic changes in humans are discussed under reproductive organs.) The basis for current study of the child's normal psychosexual development is a series of essays on sexuality published by Sigmund Freud in 1905. Although Freud failed to recognize differences in the sexual development of males and females and some parts of this theory have been questioned, his essays on sexuality, in which he describes three phases or stages of human sexual development (oral, anal, phallic), are considered classics in the fields of psychology and psychiatry.



The oral stage of psychosexual development is the infantile period lasting from birth to 12 months, or even to 24 months of age, in which sensual pleasure is derived and sexual tensions are released through oral activities. It is followed by the anal stage at about the age of 18 months to 3 years, which is characterized by the libidinous experience of anal function. In this stage, the boy begins to identify with his father, brothers, and male peers and, after learning to stand and walk, can further fixate the image of his penis and control its urinary function; and the girl becomes aware of the differences between the sexes but is still unaware of her vagina. The female develops penis envy during the anal stage, which may be manifested through feelings of shame, inferiority, jealousy, and perhaps rage. The anal stage is followed by the phallic stage, which usually is seen in boys between the ages of 3 and 4½ years and in girls a short time later. During this stage, sexual interest, curiosity, and pleasurable experiences center about the penis in boys, and in girls, to a lesser extent, the clitoris. Boys may develop castration anxiety during the phallic stage.

The latency period in sexual development extends from about 6 years to 9 or 10 years of age. Children in this period form close relationships with those of the same sex. Masturbation is not uncommon, and is considered by some authorities to be useful in reinforcing the child's awareness of sexuality, to discharge sexual and aggressive impulses, and to contribute to continued sexual development.

Adolescence is a time of rapid change in sexual development; puberty brings on the appearance of secondary sex characters. During puberty the genital stage, the final stage in psychosexual development, occurs, during which the person can achieve sexual gratification from genital-to-genital contact and is capable of a mature relationship with a person of the opposite sex. In midadolescence both sexes become more interested in members of the opposite sex and seek heterosexual experiences.
sexual disorders
1. any disorders involving sexual functioning, desire, or performance.
2. more specifically, any such disorders that are caused at least in part by psychological factors. Those characterized by decrease or other disturbance of sexual desire are called sexual dysfunctions, and those characterized by unusual or bizarre sexual fantasies or acts are called paraphilias. Called also psychosexual disorders.
sexual dysfunction
1. any of a group of sexual disorders characterized by disturbance of sexual desire or of psychophysiological changes that usually characterize sexual response. Included are sexual desire disorders, sexual arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual pain disorders.
2. a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the experiencing by an individual of a change in sexual function that he or she feels is unsatisfying, unrewarding, or otherwise inadequate. The perception of the patient/client is a critical factor in determining whether the diagnosis is within the domain of nursing and amenable to nursing intervention in the form of teaching and counseling. Defining characteristics include verbalization of the problem, whether actual or perceived, limitation imposed by disease or therapy, and reported inability to achieve desired satisfaction. See also ineffective sexuality patterns.



The concept of human sexuality is broad and complex. All persons are sexual beings from birth to death. Acute and chronic disorders, disabling neurologic injury and disease, and aging may necessitate adaptations in the ways in which sexuality is expressed, but the individual with a sexual dysfunction, no matter how severe, does not cease to be a sexual being.

Because of the complexity of human sexuality, specific etiologies of sexual dysfunction can be classified as pathophysiological, psychological, environmental, or maturational. Altered body function related to endocrine disease, surgery, trauma, radiation, or cancer can be a primary or secondary cause of dysfunction. Lack of information, misinformation, developmental disability, absence of an effective role model, and physical and sexual abuse can alter sexual function, as can lack of privacy, fear or guilt, an incompatible or abusive partner, and excessive stress.
sexual health a concept defined in 1975 by the World Health Organization as “the integration of the somatic, emotional, intellectual, and social aspects of sexual being, in ways that are positively enriching and enhance personality, communication, and love.”
sexual pain disorders sexual dysfunctions characterized by pain associated with intercourse; it includes dyspareunia and vaginismus not due to a general medical condition.

sexual disorders

a group of behavioral and psychophysiologic disorders in which there is symptomatic variability in sexual functioning, including either the eroticized behavior associated with sexual activity (the paraphilias) or with disturbances of desire, arousal, and orgasm.

sex·u·al dis·or·ders

(sekshū-ăl dis-ōrdĕrz)
A group of behavioral and psychophysiologic conditions with symptomatic variability in sexual functioning, including either the eroticized behavior associated with sexual activity (the paraphilias) or with disturbances of desire, arousal, and orgasm.

sexual disorders

See ANORGASMIA, IMPOTENCE, KRAUROSIS VULVAE, PEYRONIE'S DISEASE, PREMATURE EJACULATION, SEXUAL DEVIATION, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES and VAGINISMUS.

sex·u·al dis·or·ders

(sekshū-ăl dis-ōrdĕrz)
Group of behavioral and psychophysiologic disorders with symptomatic variability in sexual functioning, including eroticized behavior associated with sexual activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Complementary and Alternative Medication (CAM) is also used in treatment of sexual disorders (26).
In average tolerance, sexual disorders cause some concerns for the patient or his/her sexual partner, but s/he does not intend to discontinue the treatment.
1-4] In the literature this condition has also been called compulsive sexual disorder, sexual addiction and non-paraphilic sexual disorder, reflecting different approaches to conceptualising its aetiology.
If it were included in the DSM-5, the diagnosis would neither add to our tax burden nor raise health insurance rates, as most mental health coverage today already excludes sexual disorders treatment.
In this paper, I shall explore several current philosophical and psychological conceptions of perverse sex, broadly construed to include sexual disorders as well as paraphilias.
This edition has been revised and expanded to incorporate eight new chapters and new discussion of the doctor-patient relationship, the psychiatric interview, sexual disorders and dysfunction, emergency consultations, caring for children when a parent is ill, the rigors of psychiatric practice, quality assurance and improvement, and psychiatric research in the general hospital.
From the number of plants used for treatment of ailments, it appeared that gastrointestinal disorders were the most prevalent affliction, followed closely by sexual disorders (including both sexual dysfunction as well as sexually transmitted diseases), respiratory tract infections, and sprains, cuts or wounds.
Only every tenth man who suffers from sexual disorders, contacts a specialist.
The Use of Hypnosis in Posttraumatic Stress Disorders, Eating Disorders, Sexual Disorders, Addictions, Depression and Psychosis: An Eight-Year Review (Part Two).
Two experts on deviant sexual disorders who interviewed Mr.
The horse riding therapy can be used in addition to main treatment of many diseases, including palsy, autism, scoliosis, radiculitis, phlebeurysm, cellulitis, urogenital and sexual disorders,\" the doctor explained.
Frederick Berlin, founder of the sexual disorders clinic and associate professor of psychiatry, both at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, said he was concerned about efforts to get the phrase "sexual preference" back into the DSM.