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the forcible perpetration of an act of sexual contact on the body of another person, male or female, without his or her consent. Legal criteria vary among different communities.
Legal elements Use or threat of force, inability of victim to give proper consent or both
sexual assaultForensic medicine '…any sexual act performed by one person on another without permission…components: use or threat of force, inability of victim to give proper consent or both.' Incidence 80/100,000/yr; accounts for 7% of violent crimes reported in US–
it is vastly underreported due to '…humiliation, feelings of guilt, fear of retribution, lack of knowledge of legal rights, disillusionment with criminal justice system' Morbidity Up to 5% of SA victims sustain major nongenital injuries; 1% have severe genital injuries requiring surgery; 0.1% sustain injuries that are ultimately fatal Injuries 11 anatomic sites may be affected by SA, in particular, posterior fourchette; videocolposcopy ↑ rate of detection 3-fold, allows permanent forensic documentation. See Rape, Rape trauma syndrome.
Actual or attempted oral, anal, or vaginal penetration against the victim's will. It includes sexual intercourse, forced penetration of another person's body, and grasping of the victim's breasts, buttocks, or genitals.See: rape
See also: assault