Confirming the threat component of Hypothesis 2 (female perceivers will view a sexist versus an egalitarian male partner as more threatened when their female partner's promotion challenges gender traditional marital roles).
The nature of the interaction suggested that when we presented a sexist male partner, there were no differences in perception of threat (balance = 5.
Overall, then, participants thought there was more perception of threat when we presented a male partner who must take on more of the domestic work (compared to balance or traditional imbalance) supporting Hypothesis 1; then sexist (as compared to egalitarian) male partner were more likely to be viewed as threatened by a woman's promotion, supporting Hypothesis 2.
How did the balance in relationship, the male partner's ideology and the participants' hostile and benevolent sexist beliefs affect the perceived probability of male violence?
Confirming the violence component of Hypothesis 2 (female perceivers will view a sexist versus an egalitarian male partner as more probability of escalation into violence when their female partner's promotion challenges gender traditional marital roles).
To follow up on the Hostile Sexism effect, we ran two regression analyses (one for the condition in which the man was described as sexist and other for when he was described as egalitarian) in which Hostile Sexism was entered as predictor of the male partner's perceived tendency to violence.
The perceived probability that the male partner would (a) feel threatened by the promotion and (b) escalate the conflict into violence, depended, in part, on whether the male participant had been characterized as sexist.
We also manipulated the supposed sexist ideology of the male partner (egalitarian or sexist) and expected that participants would think that the male partner would feel more threatened and would react with a higher likelihood of aggression when the male partner was described as sexist (hypothesis 2).
This confirms that, in people's minds, sexist ideology plays a major part in eliciting violence against women.