serotype


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Related to serotype: dengue fever, dengue virus

serotype

 [se´ro-tīp]
the type of a microorganism determined by its constituent antigens, or a taxonomic subdivision based thereon.

se·ro·var

(sē'rō-var),
A subdivision of a species or subspecies distinguishable from other strains therein on the basis of antigenicity.
Synonym(s): serotype
[sero- + variant]

serotype

/se·ro·type/ (sēr´o-tīp) the type of a microorganism determined by its constituent antigens; a taxonomic subdivision based thereon.

serotype

(sîr′ə-tīp′, sĕr′-)
n.
A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens. Also called serovar.
tr.v. sero·typed, sero·typing, sero·types
To classify according to serotype; assign to a particular serotype.

se·ro·var

(sēr'ō-vahr)
A subdivision of a species or subspecies distinguishable from other strains therein on the basis of antigenic character.
Synonym(s): serotype.

serotype

1. A subgroup of a genus of microorganisms identifiable by the ANTIGENS carried by the members.
2. A category into which material is placed, based on its serological activity, especially in terms of the antigens it carries or the antibodies it produces in the body.

Serotype

Microorganisms differing in the type of surface antigens.

serotype

the type of a microorganism determined by its constituent antigens based on one of several different antibody-antigen reactions, or a taxonomic subdivision based thereon.
References in periodicals archive ?
net) was performed for nonvaccine serotype strains, except for PPSV23 serotypes, according to previously described methods with minor modifications (24).
ISR is being used to serotype strains within a particularly virulent group: S.
Finally, this strategy will provide a proof of principle for other serotypes and diseases.
They used the latest genomic techniques combined with epidemiology to understand how different serotypes of the pneumococcus bacteria evolve to replace those targeted by the initial vaccine.
The distribution varied by age; serotype 19A disproportionately contributed to disease in the under-five age group, accounting for 26% of typed isolates.
Two polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines are currently part of the routine immunisation programme in South Africa: Hib (Haemophilus influenzae serotype b) and PCV7 (7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
The use of Prevenar 13 should be determined on the bases of official recommendations, taking into consideration the impact of invasive disease in different age groups as well as the variability of serotype epidemiology in different geographic areas.
Clearly this is very worrying and detailed investigations are underway to try and find out how this serotype arrived in the Netherlands," said an NFU spokesman.
An immunisation programme for all babies has been running for 18 months and has dramatically reduced the overall number of cases of pneumonia, but it does not protect against the serotype 1 strain.
Dr Spencer said cases of this serotype had also increased markedly in America, leading to fears that the vaccine itself might be contributing to the problem.