The really important finding is that this spirituality measure, self-transcendence
, which is supposed to measure a person's underlying tendency to be spiritual, has a strong inborn genetic component to it," Hamer says.
Sample respondents privilege Self-transcendence
and Openness to change, followed by Self-promotion and Conservation.
Second, the orientation toward self-transcendence
may also be qualified as religious, insofar as it enables the question of God to emerge, as he later argues in Method in Theology.
Here, Halbertal reminds us that while Hobbes and Locke, for whom a citizen's membership in the social contract is motivated by her own self-interest, find it difficult to account for her duty to go to war for the state, Rousseau, for whom citizenship is a transformative relationship in which the citizen achieves self-transcendence
through identification with the general will, has no difficulty explaining why a citizen should be prepared to risk her life in military service of the state.
Next, she describes and critiques in detail the prepapal writings of John Paul II (Karol Wojtyla) and Lonergan on three points--(1) the reality of the human person, as distinguished from the abstract description of the essence of man; (2) the cognitive process involved in coming to know the good; and (3) the process of self-transcendence
of the human person through intentional action--showing how each writer's theory relates to the subjective value of work.
Taking into account that Brazil is a country characterized by horizontal collectivism (Gouveia, Guerra, Martinez, & Paterna, 2004) where the effectiveness of reasoning, as opposed to power assertion, in some developmental areas (Camino, Camino, & Moraes, 2003) has been proven, we expect that in Brazil adolescents from authoritative parents: (1) will give higher priority to self-transcendence
and conservation values and will have higher self-esteem than adolescents with authoritarian and neglectful parents, but (2) will not give higher priority to self-transcendence
and conservation values and will not have higher self-esteem than adolescents with indulgent parents.
Spirituality is a reli- gious self-transcendence
that provides that provides integrity and meaning to life by situating the person within the horizon of ultimacy" (Schneiders, 1986:253).
Neither, Niebuhr held, the exercise of human reason nor the exercise of religious self-transcendence
are sufficient to offset the dominance of self-interest.
He provides parallel readings of their autobiographies, their writings on Church and State, and their "self-help" books which indicate that everything they wrote "springs from and returns to" a conviction that "the human person can rise, under the direction of conscience or moral self-consciousness, to a level of self-transcendence
that enables the person, aided by faith, to come to the new cognitive horizon that is God" (3).
Incapable of self-transcendence
, Sim and Edwin soon sink back into the ranks of the spiritually uncommitted unable to make use of the opportunity of entering the spiritual world by surrendering the self.
It is a dread, one might argue, stemming from wrestling against efforts to deny self-transcendence
The ecstatic body could be the sign of the irrational, connecting the person to blood, libido, and self-transcendence