It opened doors to new and deep appreciations of the marvels and divine design of the human body, opportunities for real sacrifice (to choose spouse over self), repeated calls to self-mastery
, examination of one's conscience, regular invitations to examine and discern God's present call to our marriage, and a forced need to stay in close communication and prayer with God and one another.
As Bandura (1977) argues, the sense of perceived self-mastery
resulting from one's self-assessment leads to learners' self-efficacy.
Pearlin and Schooler's (1978) Self-Mastery
scale (SMS) was administered to assess the degree to which participants perceive that they have control over life events.
Following Schaefer and Moos's (1992) model, we examined several contributing factors: personal characteristics (operationalized as physical health, education, self-esteem, self-mastery
, and attachment style of the maternal grandmother) and environmental characteristics (represented by mother--daughter intimacy and grandmother's involvement with her grandchild).
Internal control or self-mastery
is a major goal of trauma therapy.
The multiple-choice questions, with answers, can be used for self-assessment before taking a written examination, or to assess self-mastery
after an examination.
Here, the authors discuss how psychodynamic social workers routinely advocate for resources within communities while using (in the name of "recovery") such psychodynamic concepts such as self-mastery
, self-control, and empowerment.
Not only does she seize opportunities for self-mastery
, but also empowers her staff to do the same," Madsen said, adding, "The level of support and encouragement she provides maximizes performance and morale.
The freed African's twin goals of achieving spiritual independence through self-mastery
and worldly autonomy through property ownership substitute honorable Christian commerce for the barbarism of the slave trade.
Researchers have implied that the statistical relationships associating optimism with mental and physical well-being become nonsignificant when variables such as neuroticism (Boland & Cappeliez, 1997; Smith, Pope, Rhodewalt, & Poulton, 1989), self-esteem (Fontaine & Jones, 1997), and self-mastery
(Marshall & Lang, 1990) are controlled.
Positive social interactions, upbeat music and the sense of self-mastery
in meeting a challenge are other possible explanations.
One of the ultimate functions of spirituality is to assist the individual to achieve self-control and self-mastery
skills, important in the prevention of early sexual behavior.