self-determination theory


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self-determination theory

A theory of human motivation and personality that purports to understand and explain human choices in social contexts, as influenced by that person's beliefs, needs, and desire to influence or be affected by his environment.
See also: theory

self-determination theory

a theory of human personality and motivation predicated on the assumption that people have an innate tendency toward personal growth and development which is facilitated when their psychological needs to feel competent, autonomous and socially related are supported. Widely employed in the study of motivation in sport and exercise.
References in periodicals archive ?
A self-determination theory approach to dropout in athletes.
Facilitating Health Behaviour Change and its Maintenance: Interventions Based on Self-Determination Theory.
The need for competence as an element of the self-determination theory has been found to positively affect both controlling and autonomous motivation (Hagger and Chatzisarantis, 2007).
Facilitating internalization: the self-determination theory perspective.
Combining vision with voice: A learning and implementation structure promoting teachers' internalization of practices based on self-determination theory.
In fact, studies from the 1970s onwards seem to bear out the predictions of self-determination theory (Lepper and Greene, 1979), although behaviourists challenge these claims (Cameron and Pierce, 2006).
The Self-determination theory maintains that the establishment of a climate that is supportive of cooperative collaboration among peers is an obligatory prerequisite to the successful application of motivational strategies (Maslow, 1943; Ryan & Deci, 2000).
Whereas intrinsic motivation is essentially a one-dimensional construct, self-determination theory views extrinsic motivation as a continuum of increasingly self-determined behaviours (Ryan & Deci, 2000), ranging from the most highly controlled external regulation through the ego-oriented introjected regulation to the more autonomous identified regulation.
The purpose of the present study was to incorporate the two components of self-determination theory that have been shown to be related to positive feelings towards educational courses (i.
While the volume of literature involving the application of self-determination theory to tobacco cessation and physical activity is substantial, studies evaluating the use of SDT with alcohol and drug abuse education exist to a much lesser extent.
Self-determination theory and basic need satisfaction: understanding human development in positive psychology.
This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice.