secondary glaucoma


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Related to secondary glaucoma: primary glaucoma

sec·on·dar·y glau·co·ma

glaucoma occurring as a sequel of preexisting ocular disease or injury.

secondary glaucoma

Ophthalmology Glaucoma in a background of other ocular disease–eg, uveitis and systemic disease, or after exposure to some drugs–eg, steroids. See Glaucoma.

sec·on·dar·y glau·co·ma

(sek'ŏn-dar-ē glaw-kō'mă)
Glaucoma occurring as a sequel of ocular disease or injury.

glaucoma

a group of diseases of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure, resulting in pathological changes in the optic disk and typical visual field defects, and eventually blindness if not treated successfully. Uncommon in domestic animals, except in dogs where several breeds are predisposed.
The normal eye is filled with aqueous humor in an amount carefully regulated to maintain the shape of the eyeball. In glaucoma, the balance of this fluid is disturbed; fluid is formed more rapidly than it leaves the eye, and pressure builds up. The increased pressure damages the retina. If not relieved by proper treatment, the pressure will eventually damage the optic nerve, causing blindness.

absolute glaucoma
end-stage glaucoma with buphthalmos and severe degenerative changes.
aphakic glaucoma
forward displacement of the posterior lens capsule and vitreous body with incarceration in the pupil; usually occurs after cataract surgery.
closed-angle glaucoma
one in which the iridocorneal angle is obstructed, either due to collapse or interference with drainage by the iris or connective tissue. The cause may be congenital (goniodysgenesis) or acquired, due to an abnormality of the lens, anterior chamber or iris.
congenital glaucoma
that due to defective development of the structures in and around the anterior chamber of the eye, and resulting in impairment of drainage. See also goniodysgenesis.
narrow-angle glaucoma
a form of primary glaucoma caused by abnormal development of the iridocorneal angle. See also goniodysgenesis.
open-angle glaucoma
a form of glaucoma in which there is no detectable abnormality of the iridocorneal angle, but drainage is obstructed by elements in the aqueous humor, luxation of the lens, or elevated episcleral venous pressure. In some cases, particularly in predisposed breeds of dogs such as beagles, no contributing factors are detectable.
phacolytic glaucoma
leakage of lens material from a hypermature cataract causes anterior uveitis that impedes aqueous outflow.
primary glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure occurring in an eye with no other eye disease being present.
secondary glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure due to disease or injury to the eye.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vessels in the anterior angle can interfere with the structure of the trabecular meshwork causing it to close, resulting in a marked rise in IOP and secondary glaucoma.
The lens can induce secondary glaucoma by a number of mechanisms, these being categorised into two main groups.
Another example is unilateral glaucoma from previous trauma, perhaps from a long time ago, which resulted in secondary glaucoma from angle recession or peripheral anterior synechia.
Primary glaucoma exists in the absence of any underlying ocular or medical condition and secondary glaucoma is that which develops as a consequence of a discernable ocular or medical co-morbidity.
Prolonged use of corticosteroids may result in secondary glaucoma, cataract formation, and secondary ocular infections following suppression of the host response and/or perforation of the globe.