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animals which share common ancestors.

first-degree relatives
parents, offspring, full-sibs.
second-degree relatives
grandparents, half-sibs, grandchildren.

Patient discussion about relatives

Q. how is dementia and alcoholism related

A. Alcohol can cause dementia through nutritional deficiencies (e.g. B1, or thiamine deficiency, causing Wernicke encephalopathy's_encephalopathy) and probably also through direct effect on the brain. It can also cause a rare neurological disorder called Marchiafava-Bignami disease that results from damage to the brain tissue in certain areas.

Further more alcohol may cause hepatic damage that can cause alteration in consciousness and dementia.

You can read more here:

Q. do you have information or articles on skin eczema that is related to depression, especially in men?

A. If you are looking for professional articles, then here's one to start with:

Q. Have alcohol-related crashes decreased in other states when they lowered the limit? I have a doubt even after updating with the local news. Have alcohol-related crashes decreased in other states when they lowered the limit?

A. Wisconsin has seen nearly a two percent decrease in alcohol-related crashes and almost a fourteen percent decrease in alcohol-related fatalities a year after implementing a .08 law. Since South Dakota put .08 in effect in 2002, alcohol-related crashes have decreased by 2.1 percent from the average of the previous three years.

More discussions about relatives
References in periodicals archive ?
A combo of first- or second-degree relatives diagnosed with ovarian cancer?
The magnitude of risk due to family history is influenced by the number of family members affected, whether they are first-or second-degree relatives, and the age at diagnosis.
A total of 306 women were identified with onset of breast cancer before the age of 50 and no first- or second-degree relatives with breast or ovarian cancers.
You have two first or second-degree relatives on the same side of the family diagnosed with breast cancer under 60, or with ovarian cancer.
Donations to first-degree or second-degree relatives may bear labeling containing information identifying the donor.
Those with a weak family history had no relatives with heart disease or stroke or only one or two affected second-degree relatives.
A strong family history - if two or more first-degree relatives (mother or sister) had breast cancer before the age of 50, or four or more first or second-degree relatives (aunt or grandmother) had it at any age.
Second-degree relatives - cousins, nieces, nephew, aunts and uncles - should be between 3 and 20.
Attention should be called to the apparent greater association with learning disabilities of learning problems in first- and third-degree relatives than with learning problems in second-degree relatives.
A family history "generally means having two or more first-or second-degree relatives with a history of ovarian cancer or a combination of breast and ovarian cancer; for women of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, it means having a first-degree relative (or two second-degree relatives on the same side of the family) with breast or ovarian cancer," according to the USPSTF statement.
Healthcare providers should always take a complete patient history and pay close attention to first- and second-degree relatives and their history of cancer.
Classic Mendelian transmission is occasionally responsible for inherited CHD in families, but recurrence risk is significant only when the family history of CHD involves first- or second-degree relatives.