second stage of labor


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Related to second stage of labor: first stage of labor, third stage of labor, Stages of labor

stage

 [stāj]
1. a distinct period or phase, as of development of a disease or organism. For specific names of stages, see under the name.
2. the platform of a microscope on which the slide containing the object to be studied is placed.
anal stage in psychoanalytic theory, the second stage of psychosexual development, occurring between the ages of 1 and 3 years, during which the infant's activities, interests, and concerns are on the anal zone. It is preceded by the oral stage and followed by the phallic stage. See also sexual development.
first stage of labor see labor.
fourth stage of labor see labor.
genital stage in psychoanalytic theory, the last stage in psychosexual development, occurring during puberty, during which the person can achieve sexual gratification from genital-to-genital contact and is capable of a mature relationship with a person of the opposite sex. It follows the latency stage. See also sexual development.
latency stage
1. the incubation period of any infectious disorder.
2. the quiescent period following an active period in certain infectious diseases, during which the pathogen remains dormant for a variable length of time before again initiating signs of active disease.
3. in psychoanalytic theory, the relatively quiescent period in psychosexual development following the phallic stage and lasting from age 5 or 6 years to adolescence. Energy is focused on learning and on more organized play. See also sexual development.
oral stage in psychoanalytic theory, the earliest stage of psychosexual development, lasting from birth to about 18 months, during which the oral zone is the center of the infant's needs, expression, and pleasurable erotic experiences. It is followed by the anal stage. See also sexual development.
phallic stage in psychoanalytic theory, the third stage in psychosexual development, lasting from age 2 or 3 years to 5 or 6 years, during which sexual interest, curiosity, and pleasurable experiences are centered on the penis in boys and the clitoris in girls. It is preceded by the anal stage and followed by the latency stage. See also sexual development.
prodromal stage the period of early symptoms of a disease occurring after the incubation period and just before the appearance of the characteristic symptoms of the disease.
second stage of labor see labor.
third stage of labor see labor.

second stage of labor

Etymology: L, secundus, second; OFr, estage + L, labor, work
the period of childbirth from full dilation of the cervix to delivery of the fetus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recognizing the difficulties with a long second stage of labor, clinicians have developed several nonoperative methods of attempting to reduce its length, including coached pushing, allowing periods of passive descent, and waiting for the laboring women to develop an urge to push.
This study was a Randomized controlled trial research design aimed at comparing the effect of spontaneous pushing versus directed pushing in the second stage of the labor with respect to the duration of the second stage of labor, mode of delivery and Apgar score.
The most common labor-related risk factors are shoulder dystocia, instrumented delivery, and a short second stage of labor; prolonged second stage of labor is probably a function of shoulder dystocia and of itself not a risk factor.
Approximately 4% of women experience arrest of descent during the second stage of labor and are faced with the choice of an instrumented vaginal delivery or cesarean section at full dilation, each with inherent risk.
The patient was fully dilated by 5:15 AM the next morning, signalling the second stage of labor.
For women who were randomly assigned to the coaching group, the second stage of labor was shortened by 13 minutes, from 59 to 46 minutes.
In our case, the mother's herniated lumbar disk might have forced her to strain in an uncomfortable position during the second stage of labor.
The mean difference between early or late epidural when it came to the duration of the second stage of labor was about 3.
In this unusual Connecticut case a patient's obstetrician literally "walked out" on his patient during her second stage of labor.
It also was believed to hasten the second stage of labor and reduce the risk of spontaneous perineal tearing, subsequent pelvic floor dysfunction, urinary and fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction.
Risk factors have been identified that increase the loss of blood after abdominal delivery and include general anesthesia, Hispanic/North American ancestry, preeclampsia, amnionitis, prolonged first stage of labor, prolonged second stage of labor, macrosomia, a history of postpartum hemorrhage, and the method of placental removal at cesarean delivery.