second messengers


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second messengers

intracellular biochemicals that trigger intracellular reactions; released in response to cell membrane receptor stimulation

second messengers,

n intracellular substances that translate chemical or electrical messages from the environment into intracellular responses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Provision of Nucleotide Second Messenger Signaling in Bacteria.
has established the Priority Programme Nucleotide Second Messenger Signaling in Bacteria
Cyclic AMP (CAMP): Second messenger molecule whose production by enzymes called adenylyl cyclases is regulated through receptor activation of G -proteins, and which itself activates certain protein kinases.
The 12th International Conference on Second Messengers and Phosphoproteins.
Growth of malignant cells could be regulated by various leptin-induced second messengers like STAT3 (signal transducers and activators of transcription 3), AP-1 (transcription activator protein 1), MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) and ERKs (extracellular signal-regulated kinases).
DiscoveRx offers a series of novel assays for detecting second messengers, kinases and proteases.
Researchers do know, however, that 1C receptors stimulate cells to activate the same class of second messengers -- chemical "middlemen" within cells that prompt other chemicals to act -- as those stimulated by [5-HT.
Phosphodiesterases are a family of enzymes that metabolize the intracellular second messengers cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP.
Now scientists at Columbia University in New York City report a newly identified class of second messengers, which may play a double role in carrying signals both within and between cells.
calcium indicators, membrane potential probes and reagents for second messengers, e.
Several studies indicate that ROS and reactive nitrogen species are critical stimuli that induce apoptosis, either directly or via second messengers after exposure to various agents (20).