scrofuloderma


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Related to scrofuloderma: lupus vulgaris, lichen scrofulosorum

scrofuloderma

 [skrof″u-lo-der´mah]
a tuberculous or nontuberculous mycobacterial infection affecting children and young adults, representing direct extension of tuberculosis into the skin from underlying structures such as the lymph nodes (especially the cervical), bone, or lung, or by contact exposure to tuberculosis. It is manifested by the development of painless subcutaneous swellings that evolve into cold abscesses, multiple ulcers, and draining sinus tracts.

scrof·u·lo·der·ma

(skrof'yū-lō-der'mă),
Tuberculosis resulting from extension into the skin from underlying atypical mycobacterial infection, most commonly of cervical lymph nodes in children with tonsillar infection by bovine tubercle bacillus.
[scrofula + G. derma, skin]

scrofuloderma

/scrof·u·lo·der·ma/ (skrof″u-lo-der´mah) a tuberculous or nontuberculous mycobacterial infection of the skin caused by direct extension of tuberculosis into the skin from underlying structures or by contact exposure to tuberculosis.

scrof·u·lo·der·ma

, scrofulodermia (skrof'yū-lō-dĕr'mă , -mē-ă)
Tuberculosis resulting from extension into the skin from underlying atypical mycobacterial infection, most commonly of cervical lymph nodes.
Compare: lupus vulgaris
[scrofula + G. derma, skin]
References in periodicals archive ?
Scrofuloderma results from contiguous involvement of skin overlying a tuberculous focus e.
Scrofuloderma has been reported to be the commonest form from UK6 and lupus vulgaris from South Africa.
Caseous necrosis was seen in 39% of cases (Table 5); 11 (44%) cases of Lupus Vulgaris, 4 (44%) cases of scrofuloderma, 3 (33%) cases of tuberculosis verrucosa cutis showed caseous necrosis.
The most common type of cutaneous TB was lupus vulgaris in comparison to the studies conducted by Acharya et al (2) and Patra, (1) while other studies showed Scrofuloderma as the commonest variant.
Scrofuloderma is the most common form of cutaneous tuberculosis in children.
Key words: Scrofuloderma, tuberculosis, Mycobacterium, anti-tuberculous drugs
2,3 Many types of cutaneous tuberculosis like lupus vulgaris, scrofuloderma, tuberculosis verrucosa cutis, tuberculous gumma, orificial tuberculosis etc.
Other bacterial infections seen were scrofuloderma and primary chancre.
Tubercular granuloma made up for 24 (8%) cases and displayed a clinical pattern, which matched with studies from across the country where lupus vulgaris was the commonest type followed by scrofuloderma and tuberculosis verrucosa cutis; scrofuloderma was the commonest clinical type in some other studies.
Caseation necrosis was seen in 4 (25%) cases of lupus vulgaris, 1 (50%) case of tuberculosis verrucosa cutis, and 10 (100%) cases of scrofuloderma along with AFB positivity in only one case of scrofuloderma, comparable to a study by Thakur et al.
1 case of scrofuloderma with mean CD4 count of 463 cells/cumm and 1 of furunculosis with mean CD4 count of 302 cells/cumm among bacterial infections were also present.
Scrofuloderma is a form of secondary cutaneous tuberculosis resulting from extension of underlying tuberculous focus such as lymph node, bone, joint, lacrimal gland even epididymis to overlying skin.