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1. to scrape or rub a surface lightly with the nails or with a sharp or jagged instrument, particularly to relieve itching.
2. a slight wound.
3. to make shallow cuts on a surface.
4. to make a thin grating sound.


(skrach) [ME. cracchen, to scratch]
1. A mark or superficial injury produced by scraping with the nails on a rough surface.
2. To make a thin, shallow cut with a sharp instrument.
3. To rub the skin, esp. with the fingernails, to relieve itching. Scratching temporarily relieves itching by soothing the cutaneous nerves, but in the long run, it may worsen the condition that caused the itching. See: pruritus

Patient discussion about scratch

Q. why do allergy effects comes usually in sorts of sneezing and scratching and more other thing like that?

A. It's because the substances released in the allergic reaction of the immune system to the allergen, like histamine, cause sensation of itching. They also cause increased secretion of mucus from the lining of the throat, which irritates the airway and cause sneezing.

You may read more here:

Q. Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? I am not referring to "cat scratch fever" disease, but an allergy where the site of the scratch becomes swollen and red, and the person has hives and trouble breathing. Thanks so much!

A. Greetings Humble Earthling! It sounds like you have two or more things going on. First, cat scratch fever is caused by a parasite and comes on 1 to 2 weeks after the scratch. Allergic reactions are immediate.
Now, if the site of the scratch is swollen and red, that could be due to minor infection and just the process of healing.

More discussions about scratch
References in periodicals archive ?
scratchily, into his So not only must I drive backwards down a tiny windy lane, but also pass - and BOY, it's fag papers - half the cars already parked in it, with the driver of the Llangennith bus just inches from my front bumper, a look of intense irritation on his face.
The World Cup hockey security started a bit scratchily, but after a week it was impressive," NZ Herald quoted Currie, as saying.
But he could not have been playing as scratchily as he is now - yesterday he was talking about getting his house in order by US Open time rather than actually winning this week - and as Stricker has one encouraging effort on the TPC course, a sixth, albeit ten years ago, he is the pick at 19-10.
Westwood started scratchily but Sangakkara looked secure from the off and that assurance rubbed off on his partner.
Even further back the first pantomime seen in Britain came to London in 1717 while the first televised panto, Dick Whittington, was screened by the BBC in 1932, seen scratchily by only a handful of plutocrats in the London area.
Vaughan hit nine boundaries in his 122-ball innings before falling just four overs before the victory was sealed and Ponting admitted: "I thought he started a bit scratchily and played and missed at a few balls early on, and I thought we had a chance to get at him when Brett Lee first came on, but he certainly played well.
Both sides started scratchily as the initial football served up was high on application but low in quality.
A front bandage came off Serious Attitude and Rae had to sprint, rather scratchily, to pick it up before the next pair came past, but that was about as thrilling as it got.
Harris' understudy at fly-half, Nicky Robinson, began a bit scratchily, which is understandable given that he hadn't played for three weeks.