sclerotium


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to sclerotium: sclerotia, Phytophthora infestans, conidia

sclerotium

 [sklĕ-ro´she-um]
a hard blackish mass formed by certain fungi, as ergot.

scle·ro·ti·um

, pl.

scle·ro·ti·a

(sklē-rō'shē-ŭm, -shē-ă),
1. In fungi, a variably sized resting body composed of a hardened mass of hyphae with or without host tissue, usually with a darkened rind, from which fruit bodies, stromata, conidiophores, or mycelia may develop.
2. The hardened resting condition of the plasmodium of Myxomycetes.

sclerotium

/scle·ro·ti·um/ (sklĕ-ro´she-um) a structure formed by fungi and certain protozoa in response to adverse environmental conditions, which will germinate under favorable conditions; in fungi, it is a hard mass of intertwined mycelia, usually with pigmented walls, and in protozoa it is a multinucleated hard cyst into which the plasmodium divides.

sclerotium

  1. a resting stage in many fungi. It takes the form of a ball of HYPHAE varying in size from a pinhead to a football, and usually has a hard, dark-coloured exterior coating. Fruiting bodies may be formed eventually from the sclerotium (either sexual or asexual) or a MYCELIUM may form. Normally the sclerotium does not contain spores.
  2. the firm resting condition of a myxomycete. see MYXOMYCOTA.

sclerotium

pl. sclerotia; a hard blackish mass of mycelia formed during the resting phase by certain fungi, as Claviceps purpurea.
References in periodicals archive ?
2009, Production of mannan-degrading enzymes from Aspergillus niger and Sclerotium rolfsii using palm kernel cake as carbon source," Res.
harzanum for control of the phytopathogenic fungus Sclerotium Rolfsii Food Technol Biotechnol 38(3) 173-180.
2004) revealed that dehydroebriconic acid, from the sclerotium of Poris cocos inhibited DNA topo II with no activity on DNA topo I.
The blend of organic juices and other organic ingredients comprises at least 70% by weight of the follow composition: Pyrus malus (apple) juice, Citrus medica limonum (lemon) juice, Vitis vinfera (white grape) juice, Saccharum officinarum, milk peptides, Aloe barbadensis leaf juice, glycerin, hydroy-propyl starch phosphate, sodium hydroxide, algae extract, sclerotium gum, tocopherol acetate and tocopherol (vitamin E), ascorbyl palmitate (vitamin C), retinyl palmitate (vitamin A), phospholipids, magnesium aspartate, zinc gluconate, copper gluconate, phenoxyethanol, benzyl alcohol, potassium sorbate, tetrasodium EDTA and xanthan gum.
0 (Betaine; urea; potassium lactate; poly- glutamic acid; hydrolyzed sclerotium gum) Preservative, Parfum q.
A comparison of flavour and odour compounds of onion, leek, garlic and Allium fistulosum in relation to germination of sclerotia of Sclerotium cepivorum.
0 (Betaine, urea, potassium lactate, polyglutamic acid, hydrolyzed sclerotium gum) Preservative, Partum q.
Acorus calamus rhizome (ACR), Acorus gramineus rhizome (AGR), Bupleurum falcatum root (BFR), Dioscorea batatas rhizome (DBR), Epimedium koreanum herb (EKH), Sclerotium of the fungus Poria cocos (PCS) and Zizyphi jujuba fruit (ZJF) were dried in sun and purchased from a Korean herbal drugs store in Seoul.
Natural sclerotium gum with excellent moisturization and skin soothing properties.