scleromalacia perforans


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scleromalacia perforans

[sklir′ōməlā′shə]
Etymology: Gk, skleros + malakia, softening; L, perforare, to pierce
a condition of the eyes in which devitalization and sloughing of the sclera occur as a complication of rheumatoid arthritis. The pigmented uvea becomes exposed, and glaucoma, cataract formation, and detachment of the retina may result.

scleromalacia perforans

A severe form of necrotizing anterior scleritis usually found in patients with an underlying systemic inflammatory illness, e.g., rheumatoid arthritis.
See also: scleromalacia
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References in periodicals archive ?
It is usually very painful, with the exception of a necrotising form known as scleromalacia perforans, which is painless and occurs in patients with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis.
Scleromalacia perforans is a rare form of necrotising) anterior scleritis, commonly associated with chronic rheumatoid arthritis.
Pain is a typical feature, except in the rare cases of scleromalacia perforans, when the necrosis is painless.