scientific method


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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
The scientific method is about inquiry, not forcing mathematical conclusions and experimental results to fit with established theory.
Classroom discussion was then opened again to dialogue about science, scientific method, and, of course, sex.
The scientific method, which has faithfully served the academic and scientific communities for cons, is clearly anchored in data-driven analysis.
According to the scientific method, the very first step in an investigation is to identify the problem.
Like phrenology and cold fusion, implausible claims about abortion's risks or adult stem cell miracles will eventually succumb to the scientific method.
Effect: The scientific method is elevated over "general acceptance" by the U.
Three core principles underlie Humanism's progressive outlook: the scientific method, compassion, and egalitarianism.
Seventh-graders Clark Crane, Trent Hood and Louis Lucero II took first place in experimental design for solving a problem using proper scientific method techniques.
In an attempt to foster an inquisitive nature in science students, we have put our own spin on classic demonstrations and labs encouraging use of the scientific method and observation techniques.
While the lack of urgency does provide time to plan and even use the scientific method, it also delays taking action.
As Alan Sokal and others have made abundantly clear, the critique of the scientific method as socially constructed simply does not hold.
This commitment to the scientific method led to the sociological study of religion and the so-called "higher criticism" of the biblical text.

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