scientific method


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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
This approach is backwards and this procedure for experimentation is antithetical to the scientific method.
Then once students have chosen their projects, flip it over to display the other side with the steps of the scientific method.
Classroom discussion was then opened again to dialogue about science, scientific method, and, of course, sex.
The danger is if the scientific method is followed prescriptively, the observations and the reporting of them may constitute a significant and unpredictable intervention.
We are proposing the use of the scientific method to accomplish this goal.
The National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis offers this staple explanation of the scientific method, using straightforward words that a beginning reader can understand The site also offers an example of how to apply the scientific method's steps, using the question "What falls faster, a bowling ball or a feather?
To demystify the scientific method, know that it is already used in everyday life and in many activities within long-term care facilities.
Through SCI 150, students become familiar with the principles and practice of the scientific method in the context of forensics.
Saud, Muhammad, The Scientific Method of Ibn al-Haytham (Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 1990); Omar, Saleh B.
Gamers who interact with virtual worlds, Johnson observes, actually engage in a data-gathering, hypothesizing, and testing process that mirrors the scientific method.
It teaches children every aspect of the scientific method in an enjoyable, interesting way.
Rehabilitation research is firmly grounded in the scientific method and has been primarily empirical in nature.

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