schizotypal personality disorder


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schizotypal personality disorder

 
a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits with eccentricities of behavior, thought, and speech. People with schizotypal personalities may exhibit magical thinking, for example, claiming that they are clairvoyant or telepathic, may have recurrent illusions, or may exhibit derealization. Their speech is marked by vagueness, metaphors, odd usages of words, and other features that can make it difficult to understand. Persons with this disorder often are aloof and socially isolated with little capability or desire for close relationships, excessive social anxiety, suspiciousness, and disturbed affect. Although the disorder is related to schizophrenia, it differs in that any periods of psychosis are only transient.

schizotypal personality disorder

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

schizotypal personality disorder

(skĭt′sə-tī′pəl)
n.
A personality disorder characterized by severe discomfort with close relationships in addition to odd or inappropriate beliefs, behaviors, and speech, but without delusions or other symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.

schizotypal personality disorder

[skit′sōtī′pəl]
Etymology: Gk, schizein + typos, mark; L, personalis, of a person, dis, opposite of, ordo, rank
a DSM-IV psychiatric disorder characterized by oddities of thought, perception, speech, and behavior that are not severe enough to meet the clinical criteria for schizophrenia. Symptoms may include magical thinking inconsistent with cultural norms, such as superstitiousness, belief in clairvoyance and telepathy, and bizarre fantasies; ideas of reference; recurrent illusions, such as sensing the presence of a force or person not actually present; social isolation; peculiar speech patterns, including ideas expressed unclearly or words used deviantly; and exaggerated anxiety or hypersensitivity to real or imagined criticism. See also schizoid personality disorder, schizophrenia.

schizotypal personality disorder

301.22 DSM-IV Psychiatry A schizophrenia-like condition characterized by defects in interpersonal relationships and disturbed thought patterns, appearance, behavior; Pts with SPD have bizarre speech, poor social skills, strained relationships with others; it is more common in relatives of schizophrenic. See Schizophrenia.

schiz·o·typ·al per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(skiz'ō-tīp'ăl pĕr-sŏn-al'i-tē dis-ōr'dĕr)
An enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior. People with such a disorder hold ideas that are considered unusual, and have difficulty relating to others.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rrestricted expression and social avoidance dimensions, that characterize SSHS, were proposed by Livesley (2007) to describe schizotypal personality disorder.
2000) Social skills deficits in schizotypal personality disorder.
For instance, in the schizotypal personality disorder, despite some negative findings (e.
The incidence of schizophrenia, including schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder, was 0.
It is possible that among "healthy schizotypes" unusual ideas may reflect creativity and unconventional thinking associated with high Openness to Experience, whereas among subjects with schizotypal personality disorder, the same sorts of unusual beliefs may be the result of cognitive rigidity and poor reality contact.
All of the study sites collected information on demographics, prodromal symptom severity, family history of mental illness, schizotypal personality disorder diagnosis, social and role functioning, comorbid psychiatric diagnosis, and substance abuse.
Pertinently, schizotypal personality disorder has been found to be associated with cognitive and perceptual distortions, including odd beliefs or magical thinking (Goulding & Parker, 2001).
SANTIAGO, CHILE -- Several pathophysiologic features of schizotypal personality disorder appear to protect against the emergence of the psychotic features of schizophrenia, according to Dr.
We've been able to show that it is reliably diagnosable using the Scale of Prodromal Symptoms," which includes a schizotypal personality disorder checklist, a family history questionnaire, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale, and an assessment of three potential prodromal syndromes.
Dahmer probably could be diagnosed with personality disorder not otherwise specified with schizoid, antisocial, and schizotypal personality disorder traits.