schizotypal personality disorder

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Related to schizotypal personality: schizoid personality

schizotypal personality disorder

 
a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits with eccentricities of behavior, thought, and speech. People with schizotypal personalities may exhibit magical thinking, for example, claiming that they are clairvoyant or telepathic, may have recurrent illusions, or may exhibit derealization. Their speech is marked by vagueness, metaphors, odd usages of words, and other features that can make it difficult to understand. Persons with this disorder often are aloof and socially isolated with little capability or desire for close relationships, excessive social anxiety, suspiciousness, and disturbed affect. Although the disorder is related to schizophrenia, it differs in that any periods of psychosis are only transient.

schizotypal personality disorder

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

schizotypal personality disorder

(skĭt′sə-tī′pəl)
n.
A personality disorder characterized by severe discomfort with close relationships in addition to odd or inappropriate beliefs, behaviors, and speech, but without delusions or other symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.

schizotypal personality disorder

[skit′sōtī′pəl]
Etymology: Gk, schizein + typos, mark; L, personalis, of a person, dis, opposite of, ordo, rank
a DSM-IV psychiatric disorder characterized by oddities of thought, perception, speech, and behavior that are not severe enough to meet the clinical criteria for schizophrenia. Symptoms may include magical thinking inconsistent with cultural norms, such as superstitiousness, belief in clairvoyance and telepathy, and bizarre fantasies; ideas of reference; recurrent illusions, such as sensing the presence of a force or person not actually present; social isolation; peculiar speech patterns, including ideas expressed unclearly or words used deviantly; and exaggerated anxiety or hypersensitivity to real or imagined criticism. See also schizoid personality disorder, schizophrenia.

schizotypal personality disorder

301.22 DSM-IV Psychiatry A schizophrenia-like condition characterized by defects in interpersonal relationships and disturbed thought patterns, appearance, behavior; Pts with SPD have bizarre speech, poor social skills, strained relationships with others; it is more common in relatives of schizophrenic. See Schizophrenia.

schiz·o·typ·al per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(skiz'ō-tīp'ăl pĕr-sŏn-al'i-tē dis-ōr'dĕr)
An enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior. People with such a disorder hold ideas that are considered unusual, and have difficulty relating to others.
References in periodicals archive ?
SPQ = Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire; AUC = Area Under the Curve; lofRef = Ideas of Reference; SocAnx = Social Anxiety; OddBel = Odd Beliefs or Magical Thinking; UPE = Unusual Perceptual Experiences; EOB = Eccentric or Odd Behavior; NCF = No Close Friends; OddSp = Odd Speech; ConAff = Constricted Affect; Sus = Suspiciousness; $1K = Owed $1,000; $100K = Owed $100,000; Ret = Annual Retirement Income; Bodyl = Ideal Body Image; MedTrt = Medical Treatment.
As anxious RA may predispose an individual to be highly sensitive to "attachment cues" that confirm a "negative self-schema with respect to God," the individual may develop a tendency to interpret common, daily events as special signs or messages from God, which could consequently increase their vulnerability to developing schizotypal personality disorder or schizophrenia (p.
The results of this study are promising for the treatment of Cluster A personality disorders, whose diagnostic features are reminiscent of psychotic symptoms and include unjustified suspicion of others (paranoid and schizotypal personality disorders), ideas of reference (schizotypal personality disorder), and magical thinking (schizotypal personality disorder).
Risperidone in the treatment of schizotypal personality disorder.
Factor analytic studies of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire using the nine subscales have consistently yielded a three-factor solution (Badcock & Dragovic, 2006; Chen, Hsiao & Lin, 1997; Fossati, Raine, Carretta, Leonardi, & Maffei, 2003; Gruzelier, 1994, 1995, 1996; Gruzelier, Burgess, Stygall, Irving, & Raine, 1995; Raine et al.
The incidence of schizophrenia, including schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder, was 0.
All of the study sites collected information on demographics, prodromal symptom severity, family history of mental illness, schizotypal personality disorder diagnosis, social and role functioning, comorbid psychiatric diagnosis, and substance abuse.
It is possible that among "healthy schizotypes" unusual ideas may reflect creativity and unconventional thinking associated with high Openness to Experience, whereas among subjects with schizotypal personality disorder, the same sorts of unusual beliefs may be the result of cognitive rigidity and poor reality contact.
SANTIAGO, CHILE -- Several pathophysiologic features of schizotypal personality disorder appear to protect against the emergence of the psychotic features of schizophrenia, according to Dr.
These factors are reflected by the three domains of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ; Raine, 1991): cognitive-perceptual, disorganised, and interpersonal.