schizocarp

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schizocarp

a dry fruit developing from a SYNCARPOUS ovary that splits into one-seeded portions. An example is the fruit of fennel.
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One is the 'Serjania group', comprising schizocarpic genera like Serjania, Houssayanthus and Lophostigma, and the other clade ('Paullinia group') consists of the mainly septifragal genera Paullinia, Cardiospermum and Urvillea (WECKERLE; RUTISHAUSER, 2005).
altissima, lateral bundles occur separately probably due to the late process of the schizocarpic fruit, which is separated in winged mericarps.
ulmacea, these authors described that any line of dehiscence is formed by oxalate crystals and fruit are easily separated by hands into winged mericarps seeming to be exclusively septifragal capsules and the schizocarpic fruit description for this species is incorrect.
In agreement with Weckerle and Rutishauser (2005), in Paullinieae, schizocarpic fruit or septifragal capsules are structurally similar and, as in the ovarian wall, the pericarp gives useful anatomical characters to the generic and infrageneric grouping in Sapindaceae.
We have excluded from this treatment schizocarpic fruits with laterally extended mericarp wings, e.
Schizocarpic fruits, in which the fruit falls completely apart into separate mericarps, characterize Apicaceae, and Rhamnaceae.
The family is readily recognized because the two carpels remain partially separated from each other through development, with the fruit being a schizocarpic, separating into a pair of mericarps, each with remnants of the epigynous perianth and stylopodium.