schizencephaly


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schiz·en·ceph·aly

(skiz'en-sef'ă-lē), [MIM*269160]
Abnormal divisions or clefts of the brain substance.
[schiz- + G. enkephalos, brain]

schizencephaly

[skiz′ensef′əlē]
an abnormal cleavage or other division of the brain tissues caused by maldevelopment.

schizencephaly

(skiz″en″sef′ă-lē) [ schizo- + encephalo-]
The presence of one or more clefts running lengthwise through the cerebral hemispheres. This rare disorder results in developmental delays and seizures in affected children.
References in periodicals archive ?
The associated MRI features of schizencephaly include all the following, except:
Established diagnoses include Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Trisomy 8 mosaic syndrome, Trisomy 13 syndrome, William Syndrome, Velo-cardio-facial syndrome, Rubenstein-Taybi syndrome, Rett syndrome, Angelman syndrome, Smith Magenis syndrome, PKU, tuberous sclerosis, neurofibromatosis, Sturge Weber syndrome, congenital rubella syndrome, the syndrome of hypoxic/ischemic perinatal brain injury, lead encephalopathy, hydrocephalus, prosencephaly, schizencephaly, and other diagnoses.
The Possibility Build will be home for the Thao-Yang family, whose four-year-old son, Pheng, was born with schizencephaly, a cleft in the left brain that leaves him unable to speak, see, eat solid food, stand or walk alone.
8,9) Arachnoid cysts can also be associated with mucopolysaccharidosis, neurofibromatosis type 1, schizencephaly, Aicardi syndrome, and Landau Kleffner syndrome.
She discussed the case of a 26-week-old fetus with a large arachnoid cyst that was referred to her clinic to check for possible schizencephaly.
She was diagnosed with schizencephaly (a lateral cleft in the brain), microencephaly (abnormal smallness of the brain), and cerebral palsy.
Failure of this process results in microcephaly, megalencephaly, heterotopia, focal cortical dysplasia, polymicrogyria, lissencephaly, hemimegalencephaly, schizencephaly, anomalies of operculization, and phakomatoses.
Haley has bilateral schizencephaly (a rare disorder characterized by abnormal clefts in the brain's cerebral hemispheres) and cerebral palsy.
2 kg infant girl born via uncomplicated vaginal delivery at 32 weeks' gestational age with congenital schizencephaly presented with abdominal distention and vomiting.
DEAR ANNIE: About a year ago, my very bright 16-year-old granddaughter was diagnosed with schizencephaly, a very rare disease, and she has had seizures.