savant syndrome


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Related to savant syndrome: Autistic savant

savant syndrome

n.
A condition in which a person with a developmental or intellectual disability has an exceptional memory and exhibits extraordinary skill in a specialized area such as music or arithmetic.
Referring to a mentally disabled person incapable of abstract reasoning, who has one remarkably overdeveloped skill—e.g., mathematical or calendar ‘calculation’, memory, mechanical ability or talent in music or the visual arts
References in periodicals archive ?
I) have been involved in research on savant syndrome for many years.
KT Report featured on research site on savant syndrome
The Khaleej Times report on autistic child Nandana Unnikrishnan's miraculous ability to read her mother Sandhya's mind has now been featured in the world's best resource website on savant syndrome.
Treffert, who is dubbed the godfather of savant syndrome research, posted the article with the following note on March 28, 2013:
In our 2010 savant syndrome registry, which included 319 savants worldwide, paranormal, psi or related phenomenon were reported in 1% of cases.
Bernie Rimland reported 561 cases (approximately 10%) of savant syndrome in his sample of 5400 autistic children, based on parent reports.
Savant syndrome is a condition in which a person with serious mental disabilities demonstrates profound and prodigous abilities far in excess of what is considered normal.
Definitions of savant syndrome occasionally include intellectual impairment, adaptive impairment, or both as the qualifying disability.
While the actual cause of autism is still under investigation, one theory presented by Treffert proposes that savant syndrome is most likely caused by left brain damage from prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal central nervous system damage.
There are theories of intelligence that relate specific abilities to general intelligence (Detterman, 1987) on the one hand, and modules to general intelligence (Anderson, 1992) on the other, that expressly allow for just this (see Nettelbeck and Young, in press for a synthesis of these theories in an attempt to explain savant syndrome in general).
Most recently, their empirical ingenuity has been turned to the remarkable phenomena of savant syndrome.