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Related to sarcomata: lymphatic sarcoma


[särkō′mə] pl. sarcomas, sarcomata
Etymology: Gk, sarx + oma, tumor
a malignant neoplasm of the soft tissues arising in fibrous, fatty, muscular, synovial, vascular, or neural tissue, usually first manifested as a painless swelling. About 40% of sarcomas occur in the lower extremities, 20% in the upper extremities, 20% in the trunk, and the rest in the head, neck, or retroperineum. The tumor is composed of cells in a connective tissue matrix and may be highly invasive. Trauma probably does not play a role in the cause, but sarcomas may arise in burn or radiation scars. Small tumors may be managed by local excision and postoperative radiotherapy, but bulky sarcomas of the extremities may require amputation followed by irradiation for local control and combination chemotherapy to eliminate small foci or neoplastic cells. See specific sarcomas. sarcomatous, adj.

sarcomas, sarcomata

See sarcoma.


The correct plural of sarcoma; the incorrect plural, sarcomas, has become so widely used that it has become the accepted form.


(sar-ko'ma) plural.sarcomata [? + oma, tumor]
A cancer arising from mesenchymal tissue such as muscle or bone, which may affect the bones, bladder, kidneys, liver, lungs, parotids, and spleen. See: Kaposi's sarcoma

botryoid sarcoma

A rare malignant connective tissue tumor occurring in the uterus, bladder, vagina, liver, or biliary tree. Synonym: rhabdosarcoma, embryonal

endometrial sarcoma

A malignant neoplasm of the endometrial stroma.

giant-cell sarcoma

Giant cell tumor.

osteogenic sarcoma

A sarcoma composed of bony tissue. It is the most common bony cancer and typically afflicts adolescents.
Synonym: osteosarcoma

reticulum cell sarcoma

A rare form of malignant large cell lymphoma.

spindle cell sarcoma

A sarcoma consisting of small and large spindle-shaped cells.