Sandfly fever virus showed the greatest seasonal variation, with most cases in the summer months, and C.
burnetii, sandfly fever virus, and hantavirus), a proportion of volunteers showed seroconversion but did not report feeling ill.
outbreak in a province at Central Anatolia, Turkey.
ADRV-GR, Adria virus from febrile child in Greece, 2009; ADRV, Adria virus; SALV, Salehabad virus; ARBV, Arbia virus; SFSV, sandfly fever
Sicilian virus; TOSV, Toscana virus; SFNV, sandfly fever
Prevalence of antibodies to West Nile fever, sandfly fever Sicilian, and sandfly fever Naples viruses in healthy adults in Israel.
Pairwise genetic distances between Sandfly fever Sicilian virus sequence and homologous sequences of selected phleboviruses' No.
Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences (Figure 2A) showed that Spanish, French, and Italian TOSV and SFNV formed a cluster that included members of the species Sandfly fever Naples virus, for which genetic data were available.
Sandfly fever due to TOSV: an emerging infection in southern France.
SINV, Sindbis virus; TBEV, tickborne encephalitis virus; INKV, Inkoo virus; BATV, Batai virus; TAHV, Tahyna virus; UUKV, Uukuniemi virus, WNV, West Nile virus; SFV, Semliki Forest virus; CHIKV, Chikungunya virus; USUV, Usutu virus; LEDV, Lednice virus; SSEV, Spanish sheep encephalomyelitis virus; SFSV, sandfly fever
Sicilian virus; GGEV, Greek goat encephalomyelitis virus; CCHFV, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus; LIV, Louping ill virus.
Naples (but not the TOSV serotype) and Sicilian viruses have the widest geographic distribution, in parallel to their vector's (Phlebotomus papatasi) distribution.
Neurovirulent Toscana virus (a sandfly fever
virus) in Swedish man after a visit to Portugal.
To the Editor: Sandfly fever
Naples virus, Sandfly lever Sicilian virus, and Toscana virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) have been recognized as etiologic agents of human illnesses in European countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea.