Chemical insecticides have been used for indoor and outdoor residual applications and bed net treatments to reduce sand fly
populations in endemic regions.
Known as Kala-Azar in India, VL is transmitted by the bite of an infected sand fly
These factors have altered the relationships of human communities with the surrounding natural environment and have created favorable conditions for mammalian reservoirs and sand fly
populations to breed in close proximity to human habitations (23,24), a phenomenon that has also occurred elsewhere (29).
People only become infected, therefore, in geographical regions that are well-suited to support sand fly
populations-those with suitable habitats, humidity and temperature.
The effect of the host blood on the biology of the sand fly
, Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) under laboratory conditions.
The new Land Rover Range Rover skimmed across the sand dunes like a sand fly
MULTAN -- As many as 31 persons including children suffered severely due to sand fly
sting attacks which cause critical pain and skin sores.
There are no vaccines or medications to prevent leishmaniasis, nor any way of telling whether a soldier has it until 3 or 4 months after being bitten by a sand fly
infected with Leishmania parasites, Burkett says.
When sand fly
activities were reduced sharply, collected sand flies and were stored in 96% ethanol.
Spencer, 23, now knows that it was a bite from a sand fly
along a riverbank in Peru in early January that led to his contracting leishmaniasis braziliensis, an infection caused by parasites living under the skin and spreading to the rest of the body.
Clouds of sand fly
off their bodies as they jerk and twist, and the quiet tick of a metronome grows steadily into a pounding roar of drums.
Another subject concerning human adversaries is the desert sand fly