samkhya


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samkhya (säm·khyä),

n in Ayurveda, the philosophy of creation and nature of the universe. Includes the concepts of cosmic energy present in all things and that the universe contains 24 elements. Existence is seen as a manifestation of the energies of the cosmic consciousness, and human life is a universe within the universe.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Kashmir Saivism and Hindu Tantrism in general, theoretical concepts of Samkhya are incorporated into tantric cosmology by relegating them to a position inferior to ultimate consciousness (paramasiva) and its powers (saktis).
Taylor discusses William James' remarks on "pure consciousness" and Samadhi (and mystical states more generally), considering how they might relate both to the philosophically divergent Advaita-Vedanta (monist) and Samkhya (dualistic) schools of thought and to James' philosophical ideas and development; (Ch.
Samkhya argues that the Gunas construct, control, and compose everything.
Among the topics are whether Hinduism is an offshoot of Buddhism, some Vedic and Samkhya notions of the body and personality, the curious history of the Dasanami-Sanyasis, and Dravidian virgin goddesses as empowering role models for women.
Sarma's anthology includes nine: the now-standard "six schools" of the affumers (astikas), Nyaya, Vaisika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa, and Vedanta, plus three of the so-called denier (nastika) schools, Carvaka, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Deepak Shimkhada's discussion of the little known cult of the Goma (= Gomata = Cow Mother) in the Kathmandu Valley based on a 16th-century text is strangely sandwiched between Christopher Chapple's discussion of the Prithivisukta in the Atharvaveda, the Samkhya philosophy, and the 10th-century Kashmiri philosopher Abhinavagupta's spiritual aestheticism, all from a contemporary ecological perspective, and the essay on Sarasvati already referred to.
Students and associates of Larson, an American historian of Indian religion and philosophy and specialist in the Samkhya and Yoga traditions, present 19 essays on those traditions.
The Vedanta viewpoint is very different from that of Samkhya and Yoga.
In the Samkhya tradition, a prominent branch of Indian philosophical thought in the first millennium, the supreme person who is in effect the soul of the world is precisely described as lacking all qualities (nirgurja).
Following an introduction in which the author lays out his intellectual agenda (chapter 1), the book includes two chapters concerned with Vijnanabhiksu's contributions to Vedanta philosophy (chapters 2 and 3), three concerned with his commentaries on Samkhya and Yoga works (chapters 4-6), and a pair of chapters that address the classificatory models of a number of premodern doxographers, Haribhadra, Madhava, and Madhusudana Sarasvati principal among them (chapters 8 and 9).
The Samkhya school similarly holds yogic perception to be mediated directly by the mind without the senses.
JACOBSEN, KNUT A, Kapila: Founder of Samkhya and Avatara of Visnu (with a Translation of Kapilasuri-samvada).