In Kashmir Saivism and Hindu Tantrism in general, theoretical concepts of Samkhya
are incorporated into tantric cosmology by relegating them to a position inferior to ultimate consciousness (paramasiva) and its powers (saktis).
Taylor discusses William James' remarks on "pure consciousness" and Samadhi (and mystical states more generally), considering how they might relate both to the philosophically divergent Advaita-Vedanta (monist) and Samkhya
(dualistic) schools of thought and to James' philosophical ideas and development; (Ch.
argues that the Gunas construct, control, and compose everything.
Among the topics are whether Hinduism is an offshoot of Buddhism, some Vedic and Samkhya
notions of the body and personality, the curious history of the Dasanami-Sanyasis, and Dravidian virgin goddesses as empowering role models for women.
Sarma's anthology includes nine: the now-standard "six schools" of the affumers (astikas), Nyaya, Vaisika, Samkhya
, Yoga, Mimamsa, and Vedanta, plus three of the so-called denier (nastika) schools, Carvaka, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Deepak Shimkhada's discussion of the little known cult of the Goma (= Gomata = Cow Mother) in the Kathmandu Valley based on a 16th-century text is strangely sandwiched between Christopher Chapple's discussion of the Prithivisukta in the Atharvaveda, the Samkhya
philosophy, and the 10th-century Kashmiri philosopher Abhinavagupta's spiritual aestheticism, all from a contemporary ecological perspective, and the essay on Sarasvati already referred to.
Students and associates of Larson, an American historian of Indian religion and philosophy and specialist in the Samkhya
and Yoga traditions, present 19 essays on those traditions.
The Vedanta viewpoint is very different from that of Samkhya
In the Samkhya
tradition, a prominent branch of Indian philosophical thought in the first millennium, the supreme person who is in effect the soul of the world is precisely described as lacking all qualities (nirgurja).
Following an introduction in which the author lays out his intellectual agenda (chapter 1), the book includes two chapters concerned with Vijnanabhiksu's contributions to Vedanta philosophy (chapters 2 and 3), three concerned with his commentaries on Samkhya
and Yoga works (chapters 4-6), and a pair of chapters that address the classificatory models of a number of premodern doxographers, Haribhadra, Madhava, and Madhusudana Sarasvati principal among them (chapters 8 and 9).
school similarly holds yogic perception to be mediated directly by the mind without the senses.
JACOBSEN, KNUT A, Kapila: Founder of Samkhya
and Avatara of Visnu (with a Translation of Kapilasuri-samvada).