samkhya


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samkhya (säm·khyä),

n in Ayurveda, the philosophy of creation and nature of the universe. Includes the concepts of cosmic energy present in all things and that the universe contains 24 elements. Existence is seen as a manifestation of the energies of the cosmic consciousness, and human life is a universe within the universe.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are now echoes of the Samkhya view that nothing is really created or destroyed, and therefore doesn't have a cause.
Lo primero porque, de no ser por la presencia enigmatica del purupa (desencadenante de la metamorfosis cosmica), el samkhya constituiria un evolucionismo materialista muy parecido al que predomina hoy en la ciencia moderna.
50), lo que Arnau interpreta como esa nostalgia, tan arraigada en el brahmanismo, por el origen, la cual alcanzaria su version mas radical en el samkhya.
Hay otros autores que le otorgan una antiguedad mayor, teniendo en cuenta la influencia de las ideas del Samkhya en otros sistemas filosoficos de la India antigua.
Samkhya emphasizes the importance of consciousness as an ideal observer that moves the self out of the immediate world of perception and knowledge.
Rather, according to Nietzsche, 'The same process of development [took place] in India, completely independently, which therefore proves something; the same ideal forcing the same conclusion; the decisive point was reached five centuries before the European era began, with Buddha or, more precisely already with the Samkhya philosophy subsequently popularized by Buddha and made into a religion' (2007, p.
Por otra parte, tampoco en el pensamiento religioso de la India encontramos una equivalencia, pues en el texto especulativo Samkhya y en el Ayurveda ("ciencia del conocimiento de la vida"), se conciben dentro de la naturaleza del cuerpo fisico cinco elementos rudos: espacio (akash), aire (vayu), fuego (tejas), agua (jala) y tierra (prithvi), estos conforman junto a otros elementos--donde el supremo es el Espiritu-, veinticinco principios.
De acordo com o Samkhya, o universo tem origem a partir da interacao entre dois principios metafisicos: a "Consciencia Pura" ou "Alma imaterial", denominada "Purusha", e "Materia Original Pura", denominada "Prakriti".
Les ecoles philosophiques sanskrites classiques, par exemple, faisaient des distinctions parmi les nombreuses facultes internes a travers lesquelles l'ame gagnait, en theorie, de l'experience dans le monde terrestre : dans la pensee samkhya, par exemple, le buddhi etait la volonte ou la disposition sous-jacente, l'ahamkdra, le sentiment de fierte associe a la connaissance de soi et le manas le moyen de synthetiser et de renvoyer des impressions sensorielles (Larson 1979 : 178-188).
Moving beyond the Western world, Dreyfus and Thompson (chapter 5) review Samkhya Buddhism's theory of mind.
The 48 chapters are organized into sections on Halbfass and his impact on South Asian and cross-cultural studies, India and the West and the history of South Asian studies, cross-cultural studies, issues in Indian philosophy and its history, Mimamsa, Samkhya Nyaya and Vaisesika, Vedanta, Saivism, Buddhist philosophy, aspects of the history and world views of Indian religious traditions, and Indian intellectual traditions--their self-perception and interaction.
As discussed below in terms of Samkhya Yoga, dualism does not consist of a mind/body opposition, which are both considered physical, but rather an opposition between mind/body and consciousness.