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, saltpetre (salt′pēt′ĕr) [L. sal petrae, salt of rock]
A common name for potassium nitrate.
CAS # 7757-79-1

Chile saltpeter

A common name for sodium nitrate, NaNO3; a crystalline powder, saline in taste and soluble in water.
CAS # 7631-99-4

saltpeter, saltpetre

potassium nitrate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Returning to Saltpetre, it was mentioned that citizens may build trenches and bulwarks on the property of others in times of danger without fear of liability, "by the Common Law, every Man may come upon my land for the Defence of the Realm", (86) so long as when the danger is over, they should be removed.
On the coast, local and foreign populations increased throughout the 19th century, drawn there by the saltpetre industry, an increase that was proportional to the rapid proliferation of settlements established in the intermediate depression.
Kumkum Chatterjee, "Trade and Darbar Politics in the Bengal Subah, 1733-1757," Modern Asian Studies 2, 1992, 233-73; Narayan Prasad Singh, The East India Company's Monopoly Industries in Bihar: With Particular Reference to Saltpetre and Opium, 1773-1833 (Muzaffarpur: Sarvodaya Vangmaya, 1980); Jagdish Narayan Sarkar, "The Organization of the Saltpetre Industry of India in the Seventeenth Century," Indian Historical Quarterly (December 1938); and, by the same author, "Administrative Interference in the Saltpetre Trade of India in the Seventeenth Century," Journal of Indian History 3, 1941, 31-48.
In a passage on the origin of thunder, he writes: 'Thus is the body of the saltpetre broken up and decomposed by the power of the fire and so changed in the nature of the air'.
Partington describes the use of urine when refining saltpetre for black powder (p.
Sugar-pit beef ribs FOR THE CURED BEEF: 21/2-3kg Jacob's ladder (beef short ribs) 60g Maldon salt 40g table salt 40g unrefined dark muscovado sugar 3 bay leaves The needles of a large sprig of rosemary The leaves of a few sprigs of thyme 1/2 tbsp black peppercorns 1/2 tsp saltpetre FOR THE SUGAR-PIT CURING: 500g unrefined light muscovado sugar 500g unrefined dark muscovado sugar FOR THE COLCANNON: 800g floury potatoes 300g Savoy cabbage or kale, finely shredded 12 spring onions, trimmed and shredded 100ml double cream or milk 7g g butter S&P EXTRAS: A suitable container for the ribs and cure METHOD: Get the ribs curing as soon as possible - they take five - seven days.
A The Inbetweeners B Fresh Meat C Psychoville D The Thick Of It QUESTION 5 - for 5 points: What is made from a mixture of saltpetre and charcoal?
Besides salt, it uses brown sugar and - the magic ingredient - saltpetre (a constituent of gunpowder).
As James points out, England had long been embarrassed by the necessity of importing the expensive commodity saltpetre - an essential component of gunpowder.
Soot is a brilliant food for tobacco, which needs tonnes of saltpetre," he says.
Scent pastilles were compounded of very finely ground charcoal, saltpetre, a binder and a fragrance.