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po·tas·si·um ni·trate

sometimes used as a diuretic and diaphoretic; formerly it was included in asthmatic powders containing stramonium leaves.
Synonym(s): niter, saltpeter


Etymology: L, sal, salt, petra, rock
common name for potassium nitrate, KNO3, used in gunpowder, pickling substances, and medicines.


, saltpetre (salt′pēt′ĕr) [L. sal petrae, salt of rock]
A common name for potassium nitrate.
CAS # 7757-79-1

Chile saltpeter

A common name for sodium nitrate, NaNO3; a crystalline powder, saline in taste and soluble in water.
CAS # 7631-99-4

saltpeter, saltpetre

potassium nitrate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enjoyable and informative, this is not, however, a book about saltpeter in general.
In fact, the cost data in Table 5 indicate that saltpeter accounted for more than half of the cost of gunpowder; and in the first accounting period, the price of the saltpeter purchased by the old company fluctuated between $0.
The arrival in the saltpeter pampa of foreign labourers from the southern Atacama Desert valleys and from neighbouring ports and inland oases, as well as migrations from the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes, was sustained by the arrival of capital, entrepreneurs, engineers and European technicians, mainly from England, who built a modern, cosmopolitan industrial complex that culminated in the construction of the first railway lines (1872).
Diamond Caverns Muddy pit, was used for saltpeter mining in 19th century.
While focusing on textiles and raw silk, Jacobs also discusses saltpeter and opium, which VOC servants collected in India, and Japanese copper and Persian, Padang, and Pontianak gold, which were exchanged for Indian textiles.
Paper topics include an examination of early Woodland subterranean mineral extraction, sheltered sites as archaeobotanical contexts, developments in human paleofecal research, prehistoric cave art, and nineteenth century saltpeter caves and an examination of the hydraulic systems of those caves.
The flytches be then put in salten leds and rubbed with a messe made with 3 punds of salt, 3 punds of black sugar and some saltpeter and soda.
Bringing the reader on a tour underground, Missouri Caves in History and Legend reveals what caves have to tell us about extinct species and early Native Americans; how caves were used to mine saltpeter, onyx, and guano; how caves became hideouts for Civil War soldiers and notorious outlaws such as Jesse James; and much more.
search for the king in the streets or in the angles of saltpeter.
Today, incense has become so popular that in many parts of the world it no longer retains any natural substances but instead has become a synthetic imitation full of potentially unhealthy substances, such as synthetic glues, saltpeter, fragrances, ground-up sawdust (from non-incense trees), and more.
Some schools of thought attribute it to a Chinese cook accidentally combining three common kitchen ingredients, saltpeter, charcoal and sulphur, and when the mixture was heated and dried to a black powder it went off with a loud bang.
They used cardboard, model glue, saltpeter, scrap metal, and the application of Newton's third law of action and reaction.