salmonellosis


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Related to salmonellosis: salmonella, shigellosis

salmonellosis

 [sal″mo-nel-o´sis]
infection with certain species of the genus Salmonella, usually caused by the ingestion of food containing salmonellae or their products. The organisms can be found in raw meats, raw poultry, eggs, and dairy products; they multiply rapidly at temperatures between 7° and 46°C (45° and 115°F). Symptoms of salmonellosis include violent diarrhea attended by abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, and fever. It is rarely fatal and can be prevented by adequate cooking. Normal cooking temperatures destroy bacteria, even in rare roast beef. In order to avoid salmonellosis, frozen meat should be thawed in the refrigerator rather than at room temperature, leftovers should be refrigerated promptly, and raw eggs should be avoided. In the care of patients with Salmonella infections, enteric precautions are recommended for the duration of the illness.

sal·mo·nel·lo·sis

(sal'mō-nel-ō'sis),
Infection with bacteria of the genus Salmonella. Patients with sickle cell anemia or compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible.
[Salmonella + G. -osis, condition]

salmonellosis

/sal·mo·nel·lo·sis/ (sal″mo-nel-o´sis) infection with Salmonella.

salmonellosis

(săl′mə-nĕ-lō′sĭs)
n. pl. salmonello·ses (-sēz′)
Infection with salmonella bacteria of serotypes other than those that cause typhoid and paratyphoid fever, characterized in humans by fever, diarrhea, and vomiting and usually caused by ingestion of contaminated food. Symptoms in animals include enteritis and septicemia, but many infected animals display no symptoms.

salmonellosis

[sal′mənəlō′sis]
Etymology: Daniel E. Salmon; Gk, osis, condition
a form of gastroenteritis caused by ingestion of food contaminated with a species of Salmonella. It is characterized by an incubation period of 6 to 48 hours followed by sudden colicky abdominal pain; fever; and bloody, watery diarrhea. Nausea and vomiting are common, and abdominal signs may resemble those of acute appendicitis or cholecystitis. Symptoms usually last from 4 to 7 days, but diarrhea and fever may persist for up to 2 weeks. Dehydration may occur. There is no specific treatment. Antibiotics are usually not indicated unless disease has spread beyond the intestine. Adequate cooking, good refrigeration, and careful handwashing may reduce the frequency of outbreaks. See also food poisoning, typhoid fever.

sal·mo·nel·lo·sis

(sal'mō-nĕl-ō'sis)
Infection with bacteria of the genus Salmonella. Patients with sickle cell anemia and those with compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible.
[Salmonella + G. -osis, condition]

salmonellosis

Infection with SALMONELLA organisms.

Salmonellosis

Food poisoning; an infection by bacteria of the genus Salmonella that usually causes severe diarrhea and may be transmitted to the fetus.

sal·mo·nel·lo·sis

(sal'mō-nĕl-ō'sis)
Infection with Salmonella bacteria. Patients with sickle cell anemia or compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible.
[Salmonella + G. -osis, condition]

salmonellosis (sal´mənelō´sis),

n an infection of the gastrointestinal tract caused by
Salmonella bacteria, usually contracted by the ingestion of tainted food or drink. Symptoms include fever, bacteremia, and lesions.

salmonellosis

a highly contagious disease of all animal species caused by salmonella. It may cause septicemia, and acute or chronic enteritis. Abortion is a common accompaniment, particularly in food animals and horses. Localization may occur in almost any organ. It is a rare occurrence in companion animals. Called also paratyphoid. The disease is transmissible to humans and is an important zoonosis, with special implications for veterinarians involved in food hygiene.

Patient discussion about salmonellosis

Q. What is salmonellosis? I heard on the news that there was a salmonella outbreak recently. What is it?

A. The Salmonella germ is actually a group of bacteria that can cause diarrheal illness in humans. They are microscopic living creatures that pass from the feces of people or animals, to other people or other animals. There are many different kinds of Salmonella bacteria.

Q. What are the symptoms of salmonella infection?

A. Dehydration is the principal clinical concern. The incubation period – the time between ingestion of Salmonella bacteria and the onset of illness – varies from six to 72 hours.Salmonella can cause three different kinds of illness: gastroenteritis, typhoid fever, and bacteremia.Symptoms of Salmonella gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, nausea, and/or vomiting.In mild cases diarrhea may be non-bloody, occur several times per day, and not be very voluminous; in severe cases it may be frequent, bloody and/or mucoid, and of high volume. Fever generally occurs in the 100°F to 102°F (38°C to 39°C) range. Vomiting is less common than diarrhea. Headaches, myalgias (muscle pain), and arthralgias (joint pain) are often reported as well.Whereas the diarrhea typically lasts 24 to 72 hours, patients often report fatigue and other nonspecific symptoms lasting 7 days or longer. For the full article: http://www.about-salmonella.com/salmonella_symptoms_risks

More discussions about salmonellosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Reptile-associated salmonellosis occurs frequently in small children, who are rarely allowed direct contact with reptiles, suggesting indirect exposure routes.
Some 6 percent of the laboratory-confirmed non-foodborne salmonellosis cases were associated with salmonellosis contracted from microbiological laboratories.
Our objective was to identify significant risk factors for salmonellosis caused by bovine-associated Salmonella subtypes (including those within the Newport and Typhimurium serovars) by using the case-case study design (16).
PREVENTION OF FATAL SALMONELLOSIS IN NEONATAL CALVES, USING ORALLY ADMINISTERED CHICKEN EGG YOLK SALMONELLA-SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES.
Salmonellosis is an acute bacterial infection that can cause diarrhea, fever and vomiting.
For infections with VTEC, the proportion of travelers to South America and Mexico was significantly higher; among salmonellosis cases, the proportion was significantly higher for travelers to the Caribbean and Mexico; and among shigellosis cases, the proportion was significantly higher among travelers to Africa, Asia (majority to South Asia), Central America and South America.
The objectives of this study were 1) to describe the distribution of salmonellosis cases in animals reported by the veterinary diagnostic laboratory at NDSU by time of submission, species of animals and county of origin and 2) to describe AMR patterns of Salmonella isolated and 3) determine associations between AMR and variables such as time of submission, species of animals and county of origin.
7) While antibiotics are not always necessary for nonbacteremic salmonellosis in normal hosts, fluoroquinolone therapy (typically ciprofloxacin 500-750 mg orally twice daily) is strongly recommended in the AIDS setting.
Some of the most common diseases that are spread as a result of bird droppings are Tuberculosis, Encephalitis, Meningitis, Chlamydiosis, Salmonellosis, Fowl Typhoid, Fowl Cholera, Newcastle Disease, Pullorum Disease, Spirochetosis, Streptococosis, and Q Fever.
The most common conditions that people can catch from guinea pigs include ringworm, mange and salmonellosis.
Such cheeses can cause listeriosis, brucellosis, salmonellosis, and tuberculosis, and they pose a particular risk to pregnant women, newborns, older adults, and those with weakened immune systems.
The presence of dodecenal in salsa might explain why residents of Mexico don't develop salmonellosis, even though visitors to the country often contract the illness when exposed to Salmonella-contaminated food products, says Kubo.