salivary


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Related to salivary: salivary calculus, salivary gland, salivary duct, Salivary amylase, salivary stone

salivary

 [sal´ĭ-ver-e]
pertaining to the saliva.
salivary glands the glands in the mouth that secrete saliva. The major ones are the three pairs known as the parotid, submaxillary, and sublingual glands (see Plates); there are other smaller salivary glands within the cheeks and tongue. The largest are the parotids, located below and in front of each ear. Saliva secreted by these glands is discharged into the mouth through openings in the cheeks on each side opposite the upper teeth. The submaxillary glands, located inside the lower jaw, discharge saliva upward through openings into the floor of the mouth. The sublingual glands, beneath the tongue, also discharge saliva into the floor of the mouth.



The saliva is needed to moisten the mouth, lubricate food for easier swallowing, remineralize the tooth surface, and provide the enzyme (ptyalin) necessary to begin food breakdown in the preliminary stage of digestion. The salivary glands produce about 1.5 liters of saliva daily.

The salivary glands are controlled by the nervous system. Normally they respond by producing saliva within 2 or 3 seconds after being stimulated by the sight, smell, or taste of food. This quick response is a reflex action.

In mumps (parotitis), the parotids become inflamed and swollen. Occasionally, salivary glands produce too much saliva; this condition is called ptyalism, and is the result of local irritation from dental appliances or of disturbances of digestion or of the nervous system or other causes. Certain diseases, drugs such as morphine or atropine, and nutritional deficiency of vitamin B can result in decreased secretion of saliva.
The salivary glands. From Jarvis, 2000.
salivary gland inclusion disease cytomegalic inclusion disease.

sal·i·var·y

(sal'i-vār'ē),
Relating to saliva.
Synonym(s): sialic, sialine
[L. salivarius]

salivary

(săl′ə-vĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or producing saliva.
2. Of or relating to a salivary gland.

salivary

adjective Relating to the saliva or salivary gland.

sal·i·var·y

(sal'i-var-ē)
Relating to saliva.
Synonym(s): sialic, sialine.
[L. salivarius]

sal·i·var·y

(sal'i-var-ē)
Relating to saliva.
Synonym(s): sialic, sialine.
[L. salivarius]

salivary

pertaining to the saliva.

salivary amylase
an α-amylase, ptyalin, initiates digestion of starch and glycogen in the mouth. Dogs, cats and horses appear not to secrete the enzyme.
salivary calculus
salivary duct atresia
a congenital absence of lumen in the duct; causes distention then atrophy of the gland.
salivary duct dilatation
see ranula.
salivary ducts
excretory ducts that carry the saliva from the glands to the mouth cavity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tumors of the Salivary Glands, Atlas of Tumor Pathology, 3rd series, Facsicle 17.
Work on salivary biomarkers for oral cancer detection has been extensively reviewed by Cheng et al.
To confirm the presence of a salivary gland stone you'll have a sialogram, in which a dye is injected directly into the blocked duct and an X-ray of the area is taken.
The salivary glands from adult mosquito females were dissected using a fine entomological needle under a stereomicroscope at 8x magnification.
Salivary gland neoplasia: a review for the practicing pathologist.
The salivary duct access products are available to doctors internationally and are among the new minimally invasive devices that Cook Medical has launched as part of its new Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) clinical division.
The average salivary parameters of the 22 competitive swimmers before and after swimming in the gas-chlorinated swimming-pool are depicted in the Figure A-D.
5) Histologically, sialoblastomas appear as organoblasts in the primitive stage of salivary gland development.
Clinical examination revealed right submandibular swelling and tenderness, with a large salivary calculus palpable in the right floor of mouth.
To expand on previous studies of saliva and to delve into the frontier of developing saliva biomarkers, we used RNA-Seq to sequence and characterize the salivary transcriptome in greater detail than had previously been possible, and we determined that saliva harbors a complex RNA environment.
ovallesi from different geographical origins and adapted to different ecological conditions--a laboratory population and a sylvatic population, by means of geometric morphometry, analysis of the protein profile of the salivary glands and an assessment of the presence of anti-saliva protein in human sera subjected to the saliva of laboratory L.
Saliva samples were centrifuged at 2000 Xg and the supernatants were separated and stored at -80[degrees]C for quantitation of salivary sCD44.