salinity


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salinity

the degree of saltiness, which is high in, for example, enclosed seas, and low in estuaries where the normal salinity of the sea may be diluted by fresh river water. It is defined as the total amount of dissolved solids in water in parts per thousand by weight, and in seawater is approximately 35 g per kg of liquid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oxygen consumption may not reflect higher osmoregulatory costs directly, because rates in both populations seem to vary more with season and physiological condition than with salinity differences among localities (Tedengren & Kautsky 1986).
The soil has low salinity near Azarshahr and salinity increases towards Lake Urmia.
It was truly a pioneering effort to determine how accurately we could measure ocean salinity from space and for the first time study large and small-scale interactions of the global water cycle.
The bacteria reduces the production of this hormone, which helps plant palm to live and tolerate higher levels of salinity in the soil.
Two separate factorial experiments based on completely randomized design with three replications was carried out to study the effects of drought and salinity stress on two pinto bean local masses (including khoy and Shahindezh local masses) in laboratory of Natural Resources and Agricultural Research Centre in western Azerbaijan.
A Salt Reduction, Monitoring and Mitigation Plan for the MCWRP was developed that included a long-term soil salinity study (Sheikh et al.
Salinity may influence an organism directly by affecting its physiology or indirectly by changing the surrounding environment of the cell.
The dry matter content of each legume plant significantly changed among species and showed significant change with the salt levels, and the interaction of species by salinity.
In any case though, all plants benefit when the salinity in their cells is higher than the salinity in the soil water for then, in accordance with the process called osmosis, salts (nutrients) in solution pass from the soil into the plant cells.
Abundant pores in the outer layer (cementum) allow the salinity of surrounding water to trigger special cells called odontoblasts that connect to nerves in the tusk's inner pulp.
Regardless of the water salinity source, it causes delay in flowering and maturity, as well as reduction of tiller numbers and biomass during the growth period.