salinity


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salinity

the degree of saltiness, which is high in, for example, enclosed seas, and low in estuaries where the normal salinity of the sea may be diluted by fresh river water. It is defined as the total amount of dissolved solids in water in parts per thousand by weight, and in seawater is approximately 35 g per kg of liquid.
References in periodicals archive ?
2009), locations in which they are likely to periodically encounter marked salinity fluctuation (Dubilier, 1988; Gray et al.
This underscores the importance of evaluating the performance of the plant species regarding their tolerance to low water content in the soil, in combination with other stressors, such as salinity, for example (Souza et al.
This study aimed to assess the extent to which the interaction between salinity and temperature affects germination success in three saltbush species that occur in south-eastern Australia.
The proposed changes to the River Murray Salinity Zoning Policy are result of stakeholder feedback during a review of the current policy earlier this year.
Soil salinity is a known constraint on agricultural production in the Central Valley, particularly in the western San Joaquin Valley (WSJV), where soils are naturally high in salts due to the marine origin of their Coastal Range alluvium parent material (Letey 2000).
Some authors consider salinity the main environmental factor limiting plant growth and productivity worldwide (Dasgupta, Nandy, & Das, 2013; Gupta & Huang, 2014).
The eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) is remarkable in its range of both thermal and salinity tolerance, as demonstrated by its latitudinal range from the Canadian Maritimes to the Yucatan Peninsula, and from full seawater salinity habitats to the upper reaches of the major river systems and embayments of the east coast of North America.
PCA based biplot showed that Na+, Na+/K+, K+ and TSS under S0mM, RW, SW, RL, SL, K+, Na+/K+ and Na+ under S50mM, SL, SW, RL, RW, Na+, K+, Na+/K+ under S100mM, TSS, SL, RL, RW, Na+, K+, Na+/K+ under S150mM were most discriminating parameters for evaluation of lentil genotypes under respective salinity treatment.
Maximum survival of fry was achieved in low salinity groups (Table I, Fig.
The study elaborated that tolerant genotype showed positive enzymatic and ionic response against salinity stress levels.
Changes in the salinity concentration of coastal waters during extreme meteorological conditions of droughts and floods can result in substantial short- and long-term environmental responses.
As presented above, there is not yet a consensus on the tolerance of basil plants to salinity and it is scarce the classification of the basil crop with respect to tolerance to salinity.