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cro·cus

(krō'kŭs),
The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]

saffron

Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
 
Toxicity
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and
saffron.

saffron

References in periodicals archive ?
And a generous number of daily specials show how seasonal the Saffrons menu is - a refreshing sight in a country obsessed with supply at the expense of flavour.
Rich, filling and thoroughly satisfying, Saffrons is the kind of restaurant you can't help comparing everywhere else to.
Antrim moved three points ahead, and although Wicklow cut the gap to the minimum, the Saffrons held out.
Saffrons manager Brian White, who O'Neill used to play with, has kept the faith with the same 15 that beat Down.
Ant dev Ballycastle has been a good second home for Antrim, and despite the late venue switch to Armoy, the saffrons will be confident.
Saffrons skipper Neil McManus (above) believes the talent coming through is good enough to help them make a significant breakthrough but Laois too have lowered the age profile of their team to around 23, but life in division 1B has been a steep learning curve.
The Saffrons have flattered to deceive once again this year and have only a point to show for their efforts after two games - that coming at home to Carlow - and could struggle on the road again after losing to Longford last time out.
The Saffrons, who played the final 10 minutes with 14 men having lost midfielder Niall McKeever to two yellow cards, looked favourites midway through the second half when leading by three, but points from Carlow sub John Murphy (above) gave the Barrowsiders a draw.
There was no disputing Gallagher's effort three minutes into the second half which came at the end of a flowing Antrim move to put the Saffrons 1-6 to 0-7 up.
A goal from chief talisman Paul Shiels (left) just after the restart failed to ignite the Saffrons and majors from Mark Duggan and Kevin Walsh reduced the deficit.
The Saffrons made it two wins from their two qualifying group games and face London next up in Ballycastle next Sunday.
The Saffrons came back from six points down in extratime to tie the scores at 1-20 to 3-14 and set up a replay next Wednesday night.