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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
And a generous number of daily specials show how seasonal the Saffrons menu is - a refreshing sight in a country obsessed with supply at the expense of flavour.
Goalkeeper Chrissy O'Connell also made a fine save for the Saffrons in the dying minutes.
Saffrons manager Brian White, who O'Neill used to play with, has kept the faith with the same 15 that beat Down.
Liam Quinn clipped over four superb long-range points to put the young Saffrons level at 1-4 to 0-7 in the 28th minute.
Fermanagh beat Antrim in the Ulster championship andqualifiers last year but the Saffrons are much stronger this year with the return of Kevin Niblock, Tomas and Michael McCann and 'Bam' Neeson.
ANTRIM manager Frank Fitzsimons is expecting a tougher challenge from Louth tomorrow as the Saffrons look to make it eight wins out of eight in this year's Allianz Football League.
The Saffrons face underdogs London today following their Division Two league success at Croke Park last Monday.
London pushed the Saffrons hard, with the teams tied three times in the second half, until Antrim pulled away with four of the final five scores.
Professor Peter O'Donoghue, from the University of Ulster, will travel to Limerick next week to conduct some video analysis as the Saffrons bid to break their duck after pre-Christmas defeats by Cork and Armagh.
Ciaran Clarke added six points in the opening half as the Saffrons held a 1-15 to 1-6 lead at the break.
Hopefully the Saffrons can get back to the top where all players wants to be.
Kevin Ryan's Saffrons hit the net for the first time in the 13th minute, when Patrick McBride netted, with home clubman Saul McCaughan adding a second 'major' before the break, on the way to a 2-13 to 0-4 interval lead.