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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) is highly prized for the scarlet-colored stigmas (parts where pollen germinates) in the center of its lavender flowers.
He's the sixth foal out of Saffron Crocus, who won over 12 furlongs.
It takes 2 1/2 acres of land to produce 110 pounds of saffron crocus flowers, and it takes 100,000 flowers to produce 11 pounds of fresh stigma, which dry to 2 1/4 pounds of dried saffron.
Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus.
Suttons' Saffron Crocus bulbs enable you to grow your own Red Gold - you can plant bulbs in August and have beautiful blooms in a few weeks.
Plan ahead for next year and for this year try autumn crocus and saffron crocus.