sacral vertebra


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Related to sacral vertebra: lumbar vertebra, Caudal vertebrae, Coccygeal vertebræ, Coccygeal vertebrae

sacral vertebra

one of the five segments of the vertebral column that fuse in the adult to form the sacrum. The ventral border of the first sacral vertebra projects into the pelvis. The bodies of the other sacral vertebrae are smaller than that of the first and are flattened and curved ventrally, forming the convex, anterior surface of the sacrum. The rudimentary spinous processes of the first several sacral vertebrae surmount the middle sacral crest, and the transverse processes of the sacral vertebrae form the lateral sacral crests. The sacral hiatus at the caudal end of the sacral canal develops from the incomplete growth of the spinous processes of the last two sacral vertebrae. The resultant widened aperture is used by anesthesiologists for the insertion of a needle to administer caudal analgesia. Compare cervical vertebra, coccygeal vertebra, lumbar vertebra, thoracic vertebra. See also sacrum, vertebra.

sacral vertebra

One of the five fused vertebrae forming the sacrum.
See: sacrum for illus
See also: vertebra

sacral vertebra

one of the thick strong vertebrae of the lower backbone, some of which are fused together and attached to the PELVIC GIRDLE to form the SACRUM, giving great strength to the hip region.