ruptured aortic aneurysm

ruptured aortic aneurysm

The transmural disruption of the integrity of the aorta, which usually occurs in a background of aortic dissection.
 
Clinical findings
Onset may be abrupt or gradual; pulsatile abdominal mass, early satiety, nausea, vomiting, constipation, pain or claudication, waxing and waning abdominal paining that may remit spontaneously, rebound tenderness.
 
Lab
Decreased red cells and haematocrit.

Diagnosis
History, abdominal film, arteriography, ultrasound, CT.

Management
Surgery is mandatory.
 
Prognosis
May be fatal if untreated.

ruptured aortic aneurysm

Surgery The transmural disruption of the integrity of the aorta, which usually occurs in a background of aortic dissection Clinical Onset may be abrupt or gradual; pulsatile abdominal mass, early satiety, N&V, constipation, pain or claudication, waxing and waning abdominal paining which may remit spontaneously, rebound tenderness Lab ↓ RBCs, ↓ hematocrit Diagnosis Hx, abdominal film, arteriography, ultrasound, CT Management Surgery is mandatory Prognosis May be fatal if untreated. See Dissecting aneurysm.
References in periodicals archive ?
TOKYO - Yasutaka Okamura, a former public prosecutor general who led investigations into a series of major political scandals in the early 1990s, died of ruptured aortic aneurysm Thursday afternoon at a Tokyo hospital, his family said.
Studies report that emergent, open surgical repair of a ruptured aortic aneurysm carries a 25 to 50 percent risk of death; however, less invasive endovascular procedures involving stent grafts offer a lower-risk alternative to open surgical repair and are associated with minimal blood loss, faster recovery, shorter hospital stays and decreased risk of death.
According to a study published in the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, out of 182 cases of ruptured aortic aneurysm that were examined retrospectively, the days on which these patients presented had a significantly lower average atmospheric pressure than days on which no rupture occurred.
Mr Havelock, a retired printer from Eston, was undergoing surgery after suffering a ruptured aortic aneurysm.
Age-standardized incidence of ruptured aortic aneurysm in a defined Swedish population between 1952 and 1988: mortality rate and operative results.
John Kirkpatrick, 56, died of a ruptured aortic aneurysm at Dene Barton House, Taunton, Somerset.
The day before his death on April 18, 1955, from a ruptured aortic aneurysm, Einstein asked his secretary to bring to the hospital a pad of paper on which he had been working.
IN MEMORY OF DON ANDERS Donald Earl Anders passed away August 11, 2001, in Woodstock, Georgia, of complications from a ruptured aortic aneurysm he suffered in June 2000.
It has been estimated that a large number of patients die annually from ruptured aortic aneurysm worldwide.
the Chair of the NAA and the Government Relations Director for the Society of Vascular Surgery, said, "Vascular surgeons and all other physicians who face the tragedy of patients dying needlessly from ruptured aortic aneurysms are excited about the Task Force's recommendations.
Despite the advancements in the treatment of aneurysms, statistics show that ruptured aortic aneurysms are the 13th leading cause of death in the United States.