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suture(soo'chur) [L. sutura, a seam]
1. The line of union in an immovable articulation, as those between the skull bones or the articulation itself. Synonym: sutura See: raphe; synarthrosis
2. An operation in which soft tissues of the body are united by stitching them together.
3. The thread, wire, or other material used to stitch parts of the body together.
4. The seam or line of union formed by surgical stitches.
5. To unite by stitching.
absorbable surgical suture
A sterile strand prepared from collagen derived from healthy mammals or from a synthetic polymer. This type of suture is absorbed and thus does not need to be removed.
A suture to accurately approximate the edges off divided tissues.
A suture for apposing divided tissues.See: apposition suture
The suture between the occipital bone and sphenoid bone that persists until the 16th to 18th year as the anteroposterior growth center of the base of the skull; also called spheno-occipital synchondrosis.
The suture between the frontal and parietal bones.
The suture between the two parietal bones.
A suture placed so that it is completely covered by skin or other surrounding tissue.
A suture in which the threads are passed through buttons or other prosthetic material on the surface and tied to prevent the suture material from cutting into the skin.
A suture material made from the sterilized submucosa of the small intestine of sheep. It is eventually absorbed by body fluids. Treatment with chromium trioxide (chromic catgut) or other chemicals delays the absorption time.
A preliminary suture to approximate wound edges before definitive closure.
A suture in which the thread has a needle at each end.Synonym: double-armed suture
The closure of a wound by means of one continuous thread, usually by transfixing one edge of the wound and then the other alternately from within outward in a variety of techniques. whip stitch Synonym: running suture; uninterrupted suture; whip stitch
A suture between the frontal and parietal bones.Synonym: frontoparietal suture
One of the sutures between the bones of the skull.
An osseous suture consisting of long and toothlike processes between the involved bony segments.
double-armed sutureCobbler's suture.
A suture between the ethmoid and frontal bones.
A suture between the ethmoid and lacrimal bones.
A suture between the ethmoid and sphenoid bones.
A suture of opposing bones in which fibrous union has not occurred.
A suture shaped like the number 8. It is used to repair round or elliptical defects.
An occasional suture in the frontal bone from the sagittal suture to the root of the nose. Synonym: mediofrontal suture; metopic suture
A suture between the frontal and lacrimal bones.
A suture between the frontal and malar bones.
A suture between the frontal bone and superior maxilla.
A suture between the frontal bones and the nasal bones.
frontoparietal sutureCoronal suture.
A suture between the frontal and temporal bones.
glover's sutureLocking suture.
Halsted sutureSee: Halsted, William Stewart
A twisted figure-of-eight suture used in the surgical correction of harelip.
A suture in which there is simple apposition of bone.
A suture between the superior maxillae.
A suture between the nasal bones.
interparietal sutureSagittal suture.
A suture formed by single stitches inserted separately, the needle usually being passed through one lip of the wound from without inward and through the other from within outward.
A suture between the parietal bones and the two superior borders of the occipital bone. Synonym: occipital suture; occipitoparietal suture
A continuous suture in which the needle is passed through the loop of the preceding stitch.Synonym: glover's suture
longitudinal sutureSagittal suture.
A suture between the maxilla and lacrimal bone.
mediofrontal sutureFrontal suture.
metopic sutureFrontal suture.
A suture between the nasal bone and superior maxilla.
A suture made from a material that is not absorbed by the body, such as silk, polymers, cotton, or wire. These sutures ultimately are removed or are placed in tissue deep to the skin where their presence will have minimal long-term consequences.
occipital sutureLambdoid suture.
A suture between the occipital bone and the mastoid portion of the temporal bone. The occipitomastoid and lambdoid sutures meet at the asterion. Synonym: temporo-occipital suture
occipitoparietal sutureLambdoid suture.
A suture between the palatine bones.
palatine transverse suture
A suture between the palatine processes and superior maxilla.
parietal sutureSagittal suture.
A suture between the parietal bone and the mastoid portion of the temporal bone.
A suture between the petrous portion of the temporal bone and the occipital bone.
A suture between the petrous portion of the temporal bone and the ala magna of the sphenoid bone.
A suture entering and exiting around the periphery of a circular opening. Drawing the suture taut closes the opening.
An interrupted suture in which a double thread is passed deep into the tissues below the bottom of the wound, the needle being withdrawn so as to leave a loop hanging from one lip of the wound and the two free ends of the thread from the other. A quill, or more commonly a piece of bougie, is passed through the loops, which are tightened upon it, and the free ends of each separate thread are tied together over a second quill. The purpose of a quilled suture is prevention of tearing when tension becomes greater. Polymeric wound bridges have supplanted the use of quills and catheter segments. See: relief suture; button suture
A suture that may be loosened to relieve excessive tension.
A suture used primarily in abdominal wound closures to bring large margins of the wound close together to relieve tension and to provide protection to the primary wound closure; more commonly called a retention suture. These sutures are made of heavy-grade material and are tied over wound bridges or tubes of latex to avoid injury to the wound.
A suture used in sewing intestine. The needle is passed in the same direction as the long axis of the incision, and the process is repeated on the opposite side of the incision, the suture being continuous.
running sutureContinuous suture.
A suture between the two parietal bones. Synonym: interparietal suture; longitudinal suture; parietal suture
An articulation by suture in which there is an interlocking of bones by small projections and indentations resembling sawlike teeth.
A suture whose ends are passed through a perforated shot that is then compressed tightly over them, instead of tying a knot.
A suture made of silk. It may be twisted, braided, or floss.
The articulation between the greater wing of the sphenoid bone and the frontal bone.
The articulation between the greater wing of the sphenoid bone and the parietal bone. The pterion of the skull is a region at the posterior end of this suture.
An articulation of the great wing of the sphenoid with the squamous portion of the temporal bone.
A suture between the sphenoid and temporal bones.
A suture between the parietal bone and squamous portions of the temporal bone.
A suture between the squamous portion of the temporal bone and great wing of the sphenoid bone.
The junction of the temporal and parietal bones.
A buried, (usually) continuous suture in which the needle is passed horizontally under the epidermis into the cutis vera, emerging at the edge of the wound but beneath the skin, then in a similar manner passed through the cutis vera of the opposite side of the wound, and so on until the other angle of the wound is reached.
temporo-occipital sutureOccipitomastoid suture.
The suture between the temporal and parietal bones.
A suture used to reduce the pull on the edges of a wound.
A suture in which pins are passed through the opposite lips of a wound and material is wound about the pins, crossing them first at one end and then at the other in a figure-of-eight fashion, thus holding the lips of the wound firmly together.
uninterrupted sutureContinuous suture.
vertical mattress suture
An interrupted suture in which a deep stitch is taken and the needle inserted upon the same side as that from which it emerged, and passed back through both immediate margins of the wound. The suture is then tied to the free end on the side the needle originally entered. This suture is primarily used in closing the skin.
A suture of varying gauges of metal (usually stainless steel) that may be used in a wide variety of applications, including wound closure, intestinal repair, and the repair of sternotomies.