rubeola

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rubeola

 [roo-be´o-lah, roo″be-o´lah]
a synonym of measles in English and of German measles in French and Spanish.

ru·be·o·la

(rū-bē'ō-lă, -bē-ō'lă), Although this word is correctly pronounced with the stress on the third-to-last syllable (rube'ola), the pronunciation with stress on the second-last syllable (rubeo'la) is more usual in the U.S. Do not confuse this word with rubella. The Spanish word rubeola refers not to rubeola but to rubella.
A term used for measles; not to be confused with rubella among English speakers.
[Mod. L. dim. of ruber, red, reddish]

rubeola

/ru·be·o·la/ (roo-be´o-lah) (roo″be-o´lah) a synonym of measles in English and of German measles in French and Spanish.

rubeola

(ro͞o-bē′ə-lə, ro͞o′bē-ō′lə)
n.

ru·be′o·lar adj.

rubeola

See measles.

measles

A highly contagious viral infection, primarily of children, which is characterised by high fever, lethargy, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza and a maculopapular rash; it is prevented by vaccination.
 
Epidemiology
Measles kills ± 2 million children/year worldwide; it is airborne and can spread quickly, especially in elementary schools.

Diagnosis
Clinical history; epidemiologic evidence (i.e., other children have same complaints); direct examination of characteristic multinucleated giant cells from scrapings of buccal mucosa, by LM or fluorescence microscopy.
 
Lab
Lymphopenia; increased IgM anti-measles antibody.
 
Vaccination
See Measles vaccine.

Preventive measures
Large doses of vitamin A decreases mortality, hospital stay and co-morbidities (e.g., pneumonia, croup, diarrhoea) by 50%.

rubeola

Measles. see there. Cf Rubella.

mea·sles

(mē'zĕlz)
1. An acute exanthematous disease, caused by measles virus and marked by fever and other constitutional disturbances, a catarrhal inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes, and a generalized maculopapular eruption of a dusky red color; the eruption occurs early on the buccal mucous membrane in the form of Koplik spots; incubation period is 10-12 days.
Synonym(s): morbilli, rubeola.
2. A disease of swine caused by the presence of Cysticercus cellulosae, the measle or larva of Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm.
3. A disease of cattle caused by the presence of C. bovis, the measle or larva of T. saginata, the beef tapeworm.
[D. maselen]

mea·sles, mumps, and ru·bel·la (MMR) vaccine

(mēz'elz mŭmps rū-bel'ă vak-sēn')
Combination of live attenuated forms of these viruses in an aqueous suspension.

rubeola

An alternative term for MEASLES.

Rubeola,

n.pr See measles.

ru·be·o·la

(rū'bē-ō'lă)
A term used for measles; not to be confused with rubella among English speakers.
[Mod. L. dim. of ruber, red, reddish]

rubeola (roobēō´lə),

n See measles.

rubeola

human measles; can assume epidemic proportions in primate colonies with a syndrome of exanthematous rash on the body, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and in some interstitial giant-cell pneumonia.