rotaviruses


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rotaviruses

Enteroviridae viruses that are the leading recognized cause of diarrhoea-related illness and death in infants and young children. A live attenuated vaccine is available and provides excellent protection against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. A pentavalent human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine is also available. This protects against the four most prevalent human strains. The name of the virus derives from the wheel-like appearance on electron microscopy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our findings show that rotaviruses can infect secretor and nonsecretor Lewis antigen-positive persons, which suggests that rotavirus infection is not associated with the secretor phenotype or HBGA type.
First detection of G12 rotaviruses in newborns with neonatal rotavirus infection at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Unsuccessful attempts to reduce rotavirus infection with this treatment led scientists to group rotaviruses into two classes: 'sialidase-sensitive' and 'sialidase-insensitive' strains," said von Itzstein.
New research has found a link between rotaviruses and type 1 diabetes, which usually starts in childhood and affects 20,000 youngsters under 18-years-old in the UK.
RotaTeq is a solution of live reassortant rotaviruses and can potentially be transmitted to persons who have contact with the vaccine.
Detection of rare G3P[19] porcine rotavirus strains in Chiang Mai, Thailand, provides evidence for origin of the VP4 genes of Mc323 and Mc345 human rotaviruses.
Rotaviruses are classified by a scheme of groups and multiple serotypes/genotypes within each group.
Detection of group B rotaviruses in fecal samples from diarrheic calves and adult cows and characterization of their VP7 genes.
The samples were also tested in the laboratory in South Africa (by GKdeV) using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) to confirm rotavirus infection and to screen for non-A rotaviruses.
is testing a vaccine made by combining genes from monkey rotaviruses with a gene from the human rotavirus.
ROTATEQ is a live, oral pentavalent vaccine that contains five live reassortant rotaviruses (G1, G2, G3, G4, and P1A[8]).
Most rotaviruses circulating in the United States belong to a limited number of strains, routinely characterized by serologic or genetic identification of the outer capsid protein antigens viral protein (VP) 7, which defines G types, and VP4, which defines P types (6,7).