rotavirus


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Related to rotavirus: norovirus, rotavirus gastroenteritis

rotavirus

 [ro´tah-vi″rus]
any member of a genus of reoviruses that have a wheellike appearance; they are transmitted by the fecal-oral route and cause acute gastroenteritis and diarrhea in infants and young children. There are 6 different antigenic groups.

ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs),
A group of RNA viruses (family Reoviridae) wheellike in appearance, which comprise a genus, Rota virus, which includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world). Separated into groups A-F, rotaviruses can infect a number of vertebrates. They are fastidious, and in vitro culture is difficult.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

rotavirus

/ro·ta·vi·rus/ (ro´tah-vi″rus) any member of the genus Rotavirus. ro´taviral

Rotavirus

/Ro·ta·vi·rus/ (ro´tah-vi″rus) rotaviruses; a genus of viruses of the family Reoviridae, having a wheel-like appearance, that cause acute infantile gastroenteritis and cause diarrhea in young children and many animal species.

rotavirus

(rō′tə-vī′rəs)
n. pl. rotavi·ruses
Any of a genus of wheel-shaped reoviruses, including one that causes gastroenteritis, especially in infants and newborn animals.

rotavirus

[rō′təvī′rəs]
a double-stranded ribonucleic acid virus that appears as a tiny wheel, with a clearly defined outer layer, or rim, and an inner layer of spokes. The virus replicates in the epithelial cells of the intestine and is a cause of acute gastroenteritis with diarrhea, particularly in infants. Rotavirus is the most common cause worldwide of severe diarrheal illness in children, with fecal-oral transmission. Various strains also infect domestic and wild animals. In the United States, infections tend to peak during the winter months. A licensed live virus vaccine is no longer recommended because of its association with a rare case of bowel obstruction (intussusception).

Ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A genus of RNA viruses that includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world).
Synonym(s): gastroenteritis virus type B.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

ro·ta·vi·rus

(Rv, RV) (rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A group of RNA viruses of wheellike appearance, which comprise a genus, Rotavirus, which includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world).
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

Ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A genus of RNA viruses that includes the human gastroenteritis viruses.
Synonym(s): gastroenteritis virus type B.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

rotavirus (rō´təvī´rəs),

n a double-stranded ribonucleic acid molecule that appears as a tiny wheel, with a clearly defined outer layer or rim and an inner layer of spokes. It is a cause of acute gastroenteritis with diarrhea, particularly in infants.

Rotavirus

a genus in the family Reoviridae which cause diarrhea in the young of many species, including avian, but particularly calves, foals, piglets and lambs, particularly in conditions of poor hygiene, crowding and failure of maternal antibody transfer. The morbidity rate is usually very high but death losses are not heavy provided the hydration of the animals is maintained. There is some species specialization but interspecies transmission is common.
References in periodicals archive ?
The entry of rotavirus into cells involves several factors.
For each country, in addition to test volume and sales projections, the report presents sales and market share estimates for major suppliers of Rotavirus tests.
Rotavirus is the most common form of diarrheal virus amongst infants around the world, and one of the leading causes of hospitalization amongst children under the age of five in the Middle East, said Dr.
Each year, diarrhoea caused by rotavirus results up to one million hospitalizations and kills nearly 80,000 children under the age of 5 years.
According to health experts, diarrhoea is one of the world's leading killers of children, and rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhoea.
Dr Peter Basile, Medical Manager for vaccines at GSK, which manufactures the rotavirus vaccine, Rotarix, said: 'These figures are fantastic news.
According to the World Health Organization, each year rotavirus infection causes hospitalization of more than 2 million and deaths of nearly 500 thousand people worldwide.
infantis is the predominant bifidobacterium in the gut of Indian neonates, and that rotavirus infection within the first month of life does not alter bifidobacterial colonization, are very relevant to human health in India, and will need to be particularly considered in the context of use of probiotic-supplemented foods.
Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis among children below five years of age and a major disease burden in developing countries.
We had done a survey between April last year and March this year on all viral gastroenteritis cases in Bahrain and we discovered 58 per cent of them were due to the rotavirus," said Dr Al Mousawi.
Vomiting, fever and dehydration often accompany a rotavirus infection.
The Rotavirus is a tough virus, according to Doctor Loubser.