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(rohz-mair-ee) ,

Rosmarinus officinalis

(trade name),

compass plant/weed

(trade name),

polar plant

(trade name)


Therapeutic: abortifacients
Alopecia areata.Inducing abortion.


Essential oil has a spasmonthlytic effect on gastrointestinal smooth muscle, positive inotropic effect on heart, and increases coronary and menstrual blood flow. Topical use irritates the skin and increases blood circulation.

Therapeutic effects

Improved hair growth.
Menstrual flow stimulant.


Absorption: Unknown
Distribution: Unknown
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile



Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity;Pregnancy.
Use Cautiously in: Lactation;Seizure disorders;Ingestion of undiluted essential oil can be toxic and cause significant adverse effects.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects


  • hypotension

Central nervous system

  • seizures


  • contact dermatitis


  • nausea
  • vomiting


  • uterine bleeding


↑risk of seizures with drugs that lower seizure threshold ↑risk of bleeding with antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants None.
Oral (Adults) 1–2 g of crude leaf/150 mL water ingested three times daily as tea
Topical (Adults) 3 drops of rosemary oil (114 mg) in combination with other essential oils massage into scalp nightly for 2 minutes with a warm towel around head to increase absorption


Oil: 6–10%
Crude leaf:

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess amount of alopecia prior to and periodically during therapy.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor blood sugar and serum electrolytes periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Deficient knowledge, related to medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)


  • Oral: Administer as directed.
  • Topical: Mix 3 drops of rosemary oil (114 mg) in combination with other essential oils massage into scalp nightly for 2 minutes with a warm towel around head to increase absorption.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take or use rosemary as directed.
  • Caution female patients to avoid using rosemary and notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding. May lead to abortion.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Improved hair growth.
A perennial herb that contains carnosic acid, camphor, flavonoids, phenolic acids, triterpenic acid, and volatile oils; it is antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, cardiotonic, carminative, and may be an antioxidant and have anticarcinogenic properties


n Latin name:
Turnera diffusa; part used: leaves; uses: aphrodisiac, diuretic, antidepressant, euphoria; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, liver disease, rosemary hypersensitivity, hallucinations, confusion, vomiting, urethral irritation, sweating, nausea, anorexia, hepatoxicity. Also called
herba de la pastora, Mexican damiana, old woman's broom, rosemary.
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